peptide hormones

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peptide hormones (pepˑ·tīd hōrˑ·mōnz), water-soluble hormones comprised of a few amino acids that introduce a series of chemical reactions to change the cell's metabolism. Examples include hormones of the pituitary gland and parathyroid glands.
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Hepcidin is a natural peptide hormone that is the main regulatory hormone governing iron absorption, recycling and utilization by the body.
In both cases, peptide hormone genes are initially translated as biologically inactive prepropeptides, followed by removal of the N-terminal signal peptide by a signal peptidase to afford a propeptides.
The best known gastric peptide hormone is gastrin, which is secreted by G cells in the stomach and duodenum.
They must ensure that the body secretes the peptide hormone glucagon into the blood when the blood sugar level is too low.
Zealand Pharma's other candidate is an analogue of amylin, a pancreatic peptide hormone known to play a key role in bringing down the intake of food and in controlling the postprandial plasma glucose levels.
19,20) One exception is desmopressin, which is a peptide hormone that can be administered orally or intranasally.
Oxytocin is a peptide hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland and is now chemically synthesised.
actions of proglucagon-derived peptide hormone as they relate to
Hepcidin is a 25 amino acid peptide hormone that inhibits iron entry into the plasma compartment from the three main sources of iron: dietary absorption in the small intestine, the release of recycled iron from macrophages (a type of white blood cell) and the release of stored iron from hepatocytes (the predominant cell type in the liver).
The study found that when plants sense atmospheric CO2 levels rising, they increase their expression of a key peptide hormone called Epidermal Patterning Factor-2, EPF2.
IGF-I (insulin-like growth factor-I) is a peptide hormone, produced predominantly by the liver in response to pituitary GH (growth hormone), which is involved in a wide variety of physiological processes.
Ghrelin is a peptide hormone predominantly produced in the stomach and is known to enhance eating and weight gain.