Hepcidin is a natural peptide hormone
that is the main regulatory hormone governing iron absorption, recycling and utilization by the body.
In both cases, peptide hormone
genes are initially translated as biologically inactive prepropeptides, followed by removal of the N-terminal signal peptide by a signal peptidase to afford a propeptides.
The best known gastric peptide hormone
is gastrin, which is secreted by G cells in the stomach and duodenum.
They must ensure that the body secretes the peptide hormone
glucagon into the blood when the blood sugar level is too low.
Zealand Pharma's other candidate is an analogue of amylin, a pancreatic peptide hormone
known to play a key role in bringing down the intake of food and in controlling the postprandial plasma glucose levels.
19,20) One exception is desmopressin, which is a peptide hormone
that can be administered orally or intranasally.
Oxytocin is a peptide hormone
secreted by the posterior pituitary gland and is now chemically synthesised.
actions of proglucagon-derived peptide hormone
as they relate to
Hepcidin is a 25 amino acid peptide hormone
that inhibits iron entry into the plasma compartment from the three main sources of iron: dietary absorption in the small intestine, the release of recycled iron from macrophages (a type of white blood cell) and the release of stored iron from hepatocytes (the predominant cell type in the liver).
The study found that when plants sense atmospheric CO2 levels rising, they increase their expression of a key peptide hormone
called Epidermal Patterning Factor-2, EPF2.
IGF-I (insulin-like growth factor-I) is a peptide hormone
, produced predominantly by the liver in response to pituitary GH (growth hormone), which is involved in a wide variety of physiological processes.
Ghrelin is a peptide hormone
predominantly produced in the stomach and is known to enhance eating and weight gain.