Peganum harmala


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Peganum harmala

(pĕ-gahn′ ŭm hahr′ mŭ-lŭ)
A weed, commonly known as Syrian rue and considered a livestock toxin, used for medicinal and spiritual purposes in many regions of the world. Extracts (tea) made from its seeds are consumed ceremonially in certain cultures. They contain beta-carboline alkaloids, a class of chemicals that increase levels of serotonin in the brain. Use of the extracts may induce hallucinations. Overdose may result in the serotonin syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
sinensis (Intercepted in New York, USA) Pakistan Eriobotrya japonica (Rosaceae), Peganum harmala (Nitrariaceae), Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae), Citrus sp.
The common species which showed high response in the all the zone of the study area were Ephedra intermedia, Sophoramollis, Cotoneaster nummularia, Peganum harmala, Teucrium patulum, Thymus linearis, Tetrapogon villosus, Peganum harmala and Malva neglecta.
7: Usage frequency of the most popular species in Er-Rich Rosmarinus officinalis 95 Thymus satureioides 74 Mentha suaveolens 63 Artemisia herba-alba 48 Foeniculum vulgare 39 Mentha pulegium 37 Peganum harmala 37 Chenopodium ambrosioides 25 Dittrichia viscosa 24 Citrullus colocynthis 23 Lactuca serriola 20 Juniperus phoenica 18 Capparis spinosa 14 Note: Table made from bar graph.
En dehors de la mise en defens, la meme formation subit une utilisation intense, ce qui cause la disparition de plusieurs especes appetible (Stipa tenacissima, Stipagrostis pungens, Helianthemum lippii) et l'abondance d'autres especes non appetible et toxiques telles que Atractylis serratuloides, Thymelaea microphylla, Peganum harmala.
In the Old World, the knowledge and use of DMT containing Acacia species combined with the seeds of the ancient sacred plant Peganum harmala, a known MAOI, has been suggested as a candidate brew pharmacologically equivalent to Ayahuasca (Ott,1993).
In this backdrop, the combined extracts of Rhizome of Curcuma longa, fruit of Citrullus colocynthis and seed of Peganum harmala were found gifted.
Other plants that caused poisoning in this region are Peganum harmala, Mandragora automnalis, Carthamus tinctorius, Warionia saharae, Ricinus communis and Rosmarinus officinalis.
Some of these preparations are made by the admixture of extracted compounds like harmine plus DMT (pharmahuasca), while others are prepared with other botanical sources of [beta]-carbolines and tryptamines (anahuasca), like Peganum harmala [Syrian rue] seeds, a [beta]-carbolines source, in combination with the inner bark of Mimosa tenuiflora [jurema], a DMT-rich plant traditionally used in indigenous and syncretic rituals in Northeast Brazil (da Mota & Albuquerque 2002; Ott 1994).
Midar and Laaroui Driouch (Province of Nador) for Peganum harmala and Ziziphus lotus during the "May--July" period,
The floral development and vascular anatomy of Peganum harmala.