Pavlovian conditioning


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re·spon·dent con·di·tion·ing

a type of conditioning, first studied by Pavlov, in which a previously neutral stimulus (bell sound) elicits a response (salivation) as a result of pairing it (associating it contiguously in time) a number of times with an unconditioned or natural stimulus for that response (food shown to a hungry dog).

Pavlovian conditioning

n.
Classical conditioning.

Pavlov,

Ivan, Russian physiologist and Nobel laureate, 1849-1936.
Pavlov behavioral theory
pavlovian conditioning - a type of conditioning in which a previously neutral stimulus elicits a response as a result of pairing it a number of times with an unconditioned stimulus for that response. Synonym(s): respondent conditioning
Pavlov method - the method of studying conditioned reflex activity by the observation of a motor indicator, such as the salivary or electroencephalographic response.
Pavlov pouch - a section of the stomach of a dog used in studies of gastric secretions. Synonym(s): miniature stomach; Pavlov stomach
Pavlov reflex - peripheral vasoconstriction and a rise in blood pressure in response to a fall in pressure in the great veins. Synonym(s): auriculopressor reflex
Pavlov stomach - Synonym(s): Pavlov pouch
Pavlov theory of schizophrenia - belief that symptoms of schizophrenia result from an inhibited state of the cerebral cortex.

conditioning

(1) the process of learning through which a response becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus. classical conditioning the process of learning through which an initially neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned (or conditional) response following repeated pairings with an unconditioned (or unconditional) stimulus. For example, in Pavlov's experiments with dogs, after repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus (food) the sound of a bell (a neutral stimulus) becomes a conditioned stimulus to evoke a conditioned salivation response. operant conditioning the process of learning through which the frequency of a response increases as a result of the provision of a reward or reinforcement for its occurrence. (2) In sport and exercise usage, 'conditioning' often refers broadly to physical training, particularly muscle conditioning. See also unconditioned response, unconditioned stimulus.

Pavlovian conditioning

see classical conditioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pavlovian conditioning involves rewarding recruits for taking the appropriate action in conjunction with the reinforcement of inclusion by peers and the approval of superiors and veteran officers.
Pavlovian conditioning is dependent on cortical activity; lower it by depressant drugs and conditioning becomes much more difficult.
1991), perhaps a variant of Pavlovian conditioning (Bolhuis et al.
Concomitant heart rate and eyeblink Pavlovian conditioning in human subjects as a function of interstimulus interval.
1981) assert, the general acceptance of the weakness of backward associations may be due to the fact that traditional models of Pavlovian conditioning do not predict transfer after backward pairings, and/or, to the rigidity of procedures and the selection of dependent measures used to study it (see also Hemmes et al.
Encoding of the unconditioned stimulus in Pavlovian conditioning.
We examined whether automatically generated freezing and movement scores were equally sensitive to traditional Pavlovian conditioning manipulations, and how this sensitivity was affected by the sampling frequency of the data.
Individual Hermissenda were trained using a Pavlovian conditioning regime adapted from Crow and Alkon (1974) and Lederhendler et al.
Boro fans were semi-comatose and, after successful Pavlovian conditioning, an intensive period of sleep deprivation and emotional turmoil, started joining everyday queues in Asda and at bus-stops as a reflex.
One of Phil's former graduate students once said that he, Phil, believed that "Pavlovian conditioning is operant conditioning in disguise and operant conditioning is Pavlovian conditioning in disguise.
Short-term memory for 'surprising' versus 'expected' unconditioned stimuli in Pavlovian conditioning.