Pavlovian conditioning


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re·spon·dent con·di·tion·ing

a type of conditioning, first studied by Pavlov, in which a previously neutral stimulus (bell sound) elicits a response (salivation) as a result of pairing it (associating it contiguously in time) a number of times with an unconditioned or natural stimulus for that response (food shown to a hungry dog).

Pavlovian conditioning

n.
Classical conditioning.

Pavlov,

Ivan, Russian physiologist and Nobel laureate, 1849-1936.
Pavlov behavioral theory
pavlovian conditioning - a type of conditioning in which a previously neutral stimulus elicits a response as a result of pairing it a number of times with an unconditioned stimulus for that response. Synonym(s): respondent conditioning
Pavlov method - the method of studying conditioned reflex activity by the observation of a motor indicator, such as the salivary or electroencephalographic response.
Pavlov pouch - a section of the stomach of a dog used in studies of gastric secretions. Synonym(s): miniature stomach; Pavlov stomach
Pavlov reflex - peripheral vasoconstriction and a rise in blood pressure in response to a fall in pressure in the great veins. Synonym(s): auriculopressor reflex
Pavlov stomach - Synonym(s): Pavlov pouch
Pavlov theory of schizophrenia - belief that symptoms of schizophrenia result from an inhibited state of the cerebral cortex.

conditioning

(1) the process of learning through which a response becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus. classical conditioning the process of learning through which an initially neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned (or conditional) response following repeated pairings with an unconditioned (or unconditional) stimulus. For example, in Pavlov's experiments with dogs, after repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus (food) the sound of a bell (a neutral stimulus) becomes a conditioned stimulus to evoke a conditioned salivation response. operant conditioning the process of learning through which the frequency of a response increases as a result of the provision of a reward or reinforcement for its occurrence. (2) In sport and exercise usage, 'conditioning' often refers broadly to physical training, particularly muscle conditioning. See also unconditioned response, unconditioned stimulus.

Pavlovian conditioning

see classical conditioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
If substitution is as fundamental a process as we take it to be, the principles of Pavlovian conditioning should apply to all relations of the psychological variety.
Specifically, the moral sense embodied in one's "conscience" is acquired through a process of Pavlovian conditioning, the functioning of which is itself genetically determined to a large extent.
A model of stimulus generalization for Pavlovian conditioning.
He was described as a true mentor and teacher of Pavlovian Conditioning.
Keywords: symbolic behavior, functional equivalence, Pavlovian conditioning, humans.
In Pavlovian conditioning, temporal contiguity may be altered by increasing the time between the onset of the conditioned stimulus (CS) and the onset of the unconditioned stimulus (US), the CS-US interval.
However, a growing body of research suggests that Pavlovian conditioning could play a role in asthma symptoms.
Unlike previous chapters, Pavlovian conditioning and its contribution to the discounting process receive significant attention.
Some readers may object to classifying ostensive learning as a variety of Pavlovian conditioning, but this is mainly a terminological issue.
mirror reading) and Pavlovian conditioning, in spite of having no explicit memory of these experiences.
Field (2006) outlined mechanisms other than direct Pavlovian conditioning that may lead to the acquisition of a conditioned response.
Other results also appeared to question the role of Pavlovian conditioning.