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a type of conditioning, first studied by Pavlov, in which a previously neutral stimulus (bell sound) elicits a response (salivation) as a result of pairing it (associating it contiguously in time) a number of times with an unconditioned or natural stimulus for that response (food shown to a hungry dog).
Synonym(s): pavlovian conditioning
Pavlov,Ivan, Russian physiologist and Nobel laureate, 1849-1936.
Pavlov behavioral theory
pavlovian conditioning - a type of conditioning in which a previously neutral stimulus elicits a response as a result of pairing it a number of times with an unconditioned stimulus for that response. Synonym(s): respondent conditioning
Pavlov method - the method of studying conditioned reflex activity by the observation of a motor indicator, such as the salivary or electroencephalographic response.
Pavlov pouch - a section of the stomach of a dog used in studies of gastric secretions. Synonym(s): miniature stomach; Pavlov stomach
Pavlov reflex - peripheral vasoconstriction and a rise in blood pressure in response to a fall in pressure in the great veins. Synonym(s): auriculopressor reflex
Pavlov stomach - Synonym(s): Pavlov pouch
Pavlov theory of schizophrenia - belief that symptoms of schizophrenia result from an inhibited state of the cerebral cortex.
conditioning(1) the process of learning through which a response becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus. classical conditioning the process of learning through which an initially neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned (or conditional) response following repeated pairings with an unconditioned (or unconditional) stimulus. For example, in Pavlov's experiments with dogs, after repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus (food) the sound of a bell (a neutral stimulus) becomes a conditioned stimulus to evoke a conditioned salivation response. operant conditioning the process of learning through which the frequency of a response increases as a result of the provision of a reward or reinforcement for its occurrence. (2) In sport and exercise usage, 'conditioning' often refers broadly to physical training, particularly muscle conditioning. See also unconditioned response, unconditioned stimulus.
see classical conditioning.