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Benner, Patricia

a nursing theorist who confirmed the levels of skill acquisition in nursing practice in From Novice to Expert: Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice (1984). Benner used systematic descriptions of five stages: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. Thirty-one competencies emerged from an analysis of actual patient care episodes. From this work seven areas of nursing practice having a number of competencies with similar intents, functions, and meanings developed. They are identified as (1) the helping role, (2) the teaching-coaching function, (3) the diagnostic and patient-monitoring function, (4) effective management of rapidly changing situations, (5) administering and monitoring therapeutic interventions and regimens, (6) monitoring and ensuring the quality of health care practices, and (7) organizational work-role competencies. Benner's work describes nursing practice in the context of what nursing actually is and does rather than from context-free theoretic descriptions.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to her Emmy wins, Patricia is the recipient of the Best Comedy Actress award from Viewers for Quality Television, a SAG Award and three SAG nominations in the Best Actress category for her role on Everybody Loves Raymond.
Mr O'Higgins added: "On the morning of the alleged murder Patricia Kierans returned to Bailieboro to carry out various chores.
Right up until near the end, Patricia also enjoyed shopping with Lorraine.
Patricia has already given the young people in Hosaena two huge boxes filled with Newcastle United shirts, as well as other teams, and returned to the region to tell pupils at St Teresa's about her experience.
Patricia and her team are always available when their clients need them.
Before this role, Patricia had been working as the Vice-president, Commercial Banker, with Peoples Bank, which used to operate as Ohio Commerce Bank earlier, and was in-charge of selling commercial loan products and services for the bank.
In December 1999, Patricia's husband William surprised her with an early Christmas gift of $1 million towards the establishment of d permanent textile and costume gallery at the ROM, later to be names the Patricia Harris Gallery of Textiles & Costume.
Grandma Pearl placed a bowl of soup in front of Patricia.
But Patricia tries not to think about this as she juggles her work with dialysis three times a week and raising two toddlers.
Patricia (pictured left) has 15 years experience in private and corporate practice and in clinical settings, particularly in cancer care.