Pasteurella multocida


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Pas·teu·rel·la mul·to·ci·da

a bacterial species that causes fowl cholera and hemorrhagic septicemia in sheep and goats, shipping fever in cattle, bronchopneumonia in swine, and other forms of disease in many warm-blooded animals; may infect dog or cat bites or scratches and cause cellulitis and septicemia in humans, especially those with chronic disease or those who are immunocompromised. Most common pathogen associated with cat and dog bites. Cause of pasteurellosis; of economic importance in rabbits (syn snuffles); in rabbits clinical signs include abscesses, pneumonia, purulent rhinitis, genital, eye or inner ear infections. May be part of the normal flora in cattle, sheep, birds, and other animals. It is the type species of the Pasteurella.

Pas·teu·rel·la mul·to·ci·da

(pas'tūr-el'ă mŭl'tō-sī'dă)
A bacterial species that causes fowl cholera and hemorrhagic septicemia in warm-blooded animals and may infect dog or cat bites or scratches and cause cellulitis and septicemia in humans with chronic disease. The most common pathogen associated with cat and dog bites. It is the type species of the genus Pasteurella.

Pasteurella multocida

A species found in the oral cavities of cats, dogs, and other animals. It may be transmitted to humans by animal bites, and may cause cellulitis, abscesses, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, peritonitis, or meningitis. Penicillins, doxycycline, or cephalosporins are used to treat the infection.
See also: Pasteurella

Pasteur,

Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895.
Pasteurella
Pasteurella aerogenes - species found in swine that can cause human wound infections following a pig bit.
Pasteurella multocida - bacterial species associated with dogs and cats.
Pasteurella pestis - Synonym(s): Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Pasteurella "SP" - a rarely encountered organism that can cause infection after a guinea pig bite
Pasteurella tularensis - Synonym(s): Francisella tularensis
Pasteur effect - the inhibition of fermentation by oxygen, first observed by Pasteur.
Pasteur pipette - a cotton-plugged, glass tube drawn out to a fine tip, used for the sterile transfer of small volumes of fluid.
Pasteur vaccine
pasteurellosis - infection with bacteria of Pasteurella.
pasteurization - bacteria destruction process.
pasteurizer - pasteurization apparatus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Antibody titer of the calves at day 0, 14, 28 and 42 against three strains of FMD virus and against Pasteurella multocida is shown in Figure 3.
Pasteurella multocida from outbreaks of avian cholera in wild and captive birds in Denmark.
Vaccinal strain of Pasteurella multocida type 1 B6 was obtained from Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) Lahore.
Pasteurella multocida infections in mice with reference to Haemorrhagic Septicaemia in cattle and buffalo.
Pasteurella multocida lung and liver abscess in an immune-competent child.
All cultures grew Pasteurella multocida, Acinetobacter, and anaerobic culture grew gram positive cocci.
This disease is caused by Pasteurella multocida serotype B: 2 and E: 2 in Asia and Africa, respectively (Nawaz et al.
Serratia species can also cause nosocomial bloodstream infections [15], and Pasteurella multocida can cause meningitis and peritonitis [11,18].
DNA fingerprinting of Pasteurella multocida recovered from avian sources.
Wound infection with Pasteurella multocida usually occurs early (within 12 hours) with significant erythema and pain and can cause sepsis if left untreated.
The most common cause is infection with a bacterium called Pasteurella multocida.

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