Pasteur


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Related to Pasteur: Louis Pasteur, Pasteur effect

Pasteur

 [pas-ter´]
Louis (1822–1895). French chemist and bacteriologist, founder of microbiology and developer of the method of vaccination by attenuated virus. By optical investigation of racemic acid, he discovered a new class of isomeric substances which led to work by others on stereochemistry and for which he received the ribbon of the Legion of Honor. Pasteur came to the rescue of the wine industry by his interest in fermentation, and showed that spoiling of wine caused by microorganisms could be prevented by partial heat sterilization (pasteurization), a process now applied to many perishable foods. Experimental foundation was given to his ideas of fermentation and the long-accepted theory of spontaneous generation was disposed of once and for all. Later he came to the rescue of the silkworm industry and found methods for detecting and preventing pébrine and flâcherie, the two diseases that were destroying it. He turned his attention then to anthrax, chicken cholera, and hydrophobia (rabies), and developed preventive inoculations against them. The Pasteur Institute was opened shortly thereafter and institutions were founded all over the world for inoculation against rabies.

Pas·teur

(pas-tur'),
Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895. See: Pasteur vaccine, Pasteur effect, Pasteur pipette.

Pasteur, Louis

Etymology: French chemist, 1822-1895
promoter of the germ theory of infection and developer of the pasteurization process to kill pathogenic organisms in milk. Pasteur also developed several vaccines and pioneered the development of stereochemistry by separating mirror image isomers.

Pasteur

named after Louis Pasteur, French microbiologist and biochemist.

Pasteur-Chamberland filter
Pasteur effect
the decrease in the rate of glycolysis and the suppression of lactate accumulation by tissues or microorganisms in the presence of oxygen.
References in periodicals archive ?
Founded in 1999 by National healthcare executives, Pasteur Medical today serves as one of the largest medical providers in South Florida.
We are very honored to be working with the Institute that Monsieur Louis Pasteur started more than 125 years ago in Paris.
In the painting, Pasteur stands at a bench in his laboratory at Rue d'Ulm as he inspects a flask containing the extract of an infected rabbit's spinal cord.
LG Household & Health Care is reviewing publicly available information on Pasteur, but no specific details have been determined as of July 20, 2010", said LG Household's CFO Kyoo-Il Lee.
As the world's largest supplier of influenza vaccine, Sanofi Pasteur is currently implementing its internal pandemic preparedness plans to ensure its continued ability to fulfill its public health mission to produce the largest number of doses of vaccine in the shortest time frame to face the threat of pandemic influenza while maintaining the production of other life-saving vaccines.
It also represents a new and significant milestone in the collaboration between the Institut Pasteur and a group sharing Pasteurian roots, dedicated to biology and serving public health worldwide.
The Royal Society of London in 1856 awarded Mr Pasteur the Rumford Medal for his researches relative to the polarization of light and decorated with the Legion d' Honneur in 1853, he was promoted to be an officer of the Order in 1863, and commander in 1868.
Each year, sanofi pasteur provides vaccine to hospitals and other health- care facilities; private office-based providers; retail pharmacies; community immunization providers; and to the military, veterans and children through providers' private and public vaccination programs.
In France, sanofi pasteur sponsored the first clinical trials of an H5N1 influenza vaccine candidate that compared vaccines with and without adjuvants.
Chester Fisher was so touched that this one man was devoting his life to watching over Pasteur's tomb, and so amazed that the French seemed indifferent--even antagonistic--about the chemist that the scientific community considered its patron saint, that he dedicated a section of his Pittsburgh-based company's museum to Louis Pasteur.
Founded in 1994 as a joint venture between Sanofi Pasteur and Merck and Co.
MSD, known as Merck in the United States and Canada (NYSE: MRK) and Sanofi Pasteur, the vaccines division of Sanofi (EURONEXT: SAN and NYSE: SNY), the two partner companies in Sanofi Pasteur MSD, announce today the appointment of David Khougazian as president of Sanofi Pasteur MSD.