carbohydrate loading

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car·bo·hy·drate load·ing

a procedure, popular with long-distance runners and other athletes, of filling muscles with a large glycogen pool before competing in an athletic event; often, the athlete consumes few carbohydrates for 3 days, followed by a largely carbohydrate diet for the last 3 days before the event.

carbohydrate loading

n.
A dietary practice often adopted by endurance athletes, such as marathon runners, prior to competition that increases carbohydrate reserves in muscle tissue through the consumption of extra quantities of high-starch foods.

carbohydrate loading

a dietary practice of some endurance athletes, such as marathon runners, intended to increase glycogen stores in the muscle tissue. The original, or "classic," carbohydrate loading regimen began with a period of several days on a low-carbohydrate diet designed to deplete stored glycogen, followed by consumption of a diet high in complex carbohydrates for 3 days before the event. A more modern approach advocates that athletes routinely consume the high-carbohydrate diet recommended for the general population (55% to 60% of total calories), and eat extra carbohydrates (70%) for 3 days before an event. The practice is controversial and is not universally accepted.
The ingestion of a low-fat, low-protein, low-fiber, carbohydrate-rich meal—after prior depletion of the hepatic stores of glycogen—with the intent of maximizing glycogen storage in muscle

carbohydrate loading

Pasta loading Sports medicine The ingestion of a low-fat, low-protein, low-fiber, carbohydrate-rich meal–after previous depletion of the hepatic stores of glycogen, with the intent of maximizing glycogen storage in muscle. Cf Bicarbonate loading, Phosphate loading.

car·bo·hy·drate load·ing

(kahr-bō-hī'drāt lōd'ing)
Manipulation of diet and exercise to significantly increase muscle and liver glycogen content. Frequently used by enduranceathletes to enhance performance.
Synonym(s): glycogen loading, glycogen supercompensation.

carbohydrate loading

aims to maximize (supercompensate) muscle glycogen stores. This allows athletes to maintain a chosen pace for longer periods and also enhances the performance of a set amount of work (i.e. set distance) by preventing a decline in pace or work output associated with CHO depletion. The procedure is popular with long-distance runners and other endurance-type athletes; it is an important nutritional strategy for events lasting more than 90 minutes, which would otherwise be limited by the depletion of muscle glycogen stores. In practice, loading is performed in two stages: a glycogen depletion stage and a carbohydrate loading phase, typically spread over 6-7 days, which entail a few days of minimal CHO intake with initially high but then decreasing intensity of training, followed by a few days of high CHO diet and minimal exercise.

carbohydrate

a compound of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, the latter two usually in the proportions of water (CH2O)n. They are classified into mono-, di-, tri-, poly- and heterosaccharides. Carbohydrates in food are an important and immediate source of energy for the body; 1 gram of carbohydrate yields 3.75 calories (16 kilojoules). They are present, at least in small quantities, in most foods, but the chief sources are the sugars and starches of plants. Herbivores are able to utilize the insoluble polysaccharides (crude fiber) because of bacterial conversion to volatile fatty acids by fermentation in the rumen and cecum.
Carbohydrates may be stored in the body as glycogen for future use. If they are eaten in excessive amounts they are converted to and stored as fat. Rapid ingestion of very large amounts in ruminants and horses causes carbohydrate engorgement.

complex carbohydrate
polysaccharides containing either α- and β-type glycosidic bonds. Usually occurring in mixtures in food.
dietary carbohydrate
the carbohydrate components of food.
carbohydrate loading
depletion/repletion means of maximally loading glycogen into type II muscle for increased power of muscle contraction.
carbohydrate loss
glucose loss in urine due to diabetes mellitus or chronic renal disease.
carbohydrate metabolism
series of related enzymic reactions involved in the synthesis and catabolism of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate tolerance test
see glucose tolerance test.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tickets cost just pounds 10 for the Pasta Party but places are limited so organisers are advising to book early.
Timings for Saturday's events: 9:10 Bupa Great North 5k 9:30 Bupa Great North Run Pasta Party opens 10:20 Bupa Mini Great North Run Wave 1 (Pink); 11:00 Bupa Mini Great North Run Wave 2 (Green); 11:40 Bupa Mini Great North Run Wave 3 (Orange); 12:20 Bupa Mini Great North Run Wave 4 (Red) 13:00 Bupa Junior Great North Run for girls 13:15 Bupa Junior Great North Wheelchair Race 10:00 to 16:30 Great North CITYGames 15:55 Bupa Junior Great North Run for boys
More than 500lbs of pasta is eaten at the pre-event pasta party, as well as 125 chocolate fudge cakes and 2000 cups of soup.
All three will team up to compile a training schedule for the Prince's Trust runners, take part in a training weekend and be on the guest list for a pre-race pasta party in the Welsh capital.
To ensure they aren't satisfied with just reaching today's game, Perram and the Chargers decided not to have a team pasta party, which is traditionally held before big games.
sponsored by Wente Vineyards, pasta for a year provided by Barilla[R], a BRIO Pasta Party for 25, a Kindle and Amazon gift card as well as BRIO and BRAVO
The traditional pasta party will happen the night before the marathon which will be a day of celebration with music playing along the route in keeping with the flair of Tel Aviv's world famous Nonstop City life.
The Lawn Tennis Association (LTA) will be out in force at the Bupa Great North Run Pasta Party to encourage more people to get involved in tennis.
We decided it would be a good idea to meet again so, with the help of Nicola Hedley from Nova, about 80 of us got together at the pasta party the day prior to the run - complete with our own cake, which I made, and from this developed our newsletter.
I still see those images of the early years of AMJA in Boston, as shown in our video tribute at the 40th AMAA Boston Sports Medicine Symposium's pasta party.
The 10km Wright Hassall Regency Run will take place in Leamington during April - but participants are being invited to a special pasta party for the first time before the big event.
Among the activities the captains plan to build team spirit are dinners like the pasta party they had before the District meet.