Three participants specifically cited depression as a factor in their parasuicide.
Methods used for parasuicide: Results of the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study on Parasuicide.
Parasuicide among youths in a general hospital in South Africa.
A multivariate study of predictors of repeat parasuicide.
Parasuicide and suicide: Demographic features and changing trend among cases in Hospital Sungai Bakap 2001-2005.
reported that organophosphate and carbamate pesticides caused in excess of 900 admissions and 199 deaths in Sri Lanka, (18) and a study in the Islamic Republic of Iran reported that 66% of parasuicides were attributed to organophosphate poisoning.
Parasuicide is defined in the World Health Organization (WHO)'s International Classification of Diseases (1992) (1) as follows: 'Parasuicide is an act with nonfatal outcome, in which an individual deliberately initiates a non-habitual behaviour, that without intervention from others will cause self harm; or deliberately ingests a substance in excess of the prescribed or generally recognised therapeutic dosage and which is aimed at realizing changes which the subject desired via the actual or expected physical consequences.
Parasuicide is a significant predictor of completed suicide.
It is therefore necessary to develop programmes to reduce the rates of parasuicide and suicide in the adolescent population.
The aim of this study was to determine which agent(s) were used in parasuicide attempts by persons aged 10-20 years from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2008 in Buffalo City, which includes the municipalities of East London, King William's Town and Bhisho in the Eastern Cape.