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Ambroise (1510–1590). French surgeon. As an army surgeon treating gunshot wounds, Paré discontinued the application of boiling oils as was customary at that time. He invented many new surgical instruments and reintroduced the use of ligatures to tie off the blood vessels for amputation. He described carbon monoxide poisoning and has been cited as probably the first to think of flies as transmitters of infectious disease. In obstetrics he did podalic versions and induced labor for uterine hemorrhage. He introduced reimplantation of the teeth in dentistry, and wrote a book on medical jurisprudence.
Ambroïse, French surgeon, 1510-1590. See: Paré suture.