percutaneous nephrolithotomy

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percutaneous nephrolithotomy

a uroradiological procedure performed to extract stones from within the kidney or proximal ureter by percutaneous surgery after the stones have been visualized radiologically.

percutaneous nephrolithotomy

,

PNL

The removal of stones from the urinary tract with a needle inserted through the skin and into the urinary collecting system. The collecting system near the stone is dilated, and the stone is grasped and/or crushed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Equitable price adjustment and time extensions were negotiated by NAFI with the PNL project manager.
The PNL answer is: most x many, where most and many are fuzzy numbers defined through their membership functions, and most x many is their product in fuzzy arithmetic (Kaufmann and Gupta 1985).
De hecho, la PNL encontro que si el aspecto no verbal del mensaje no es consistente con el verbal, el comunicador no logra confianza en su audiencia.
All patients diagnosed with PNL had a complete clinical examination by two-experienced dermatologists for any skin patch, had a negative slit skin smear from three different sites (one of which was a site of sensory loss) and a skin biopsy from the area of sensory loss showing no specific features of leprosy.
PNL decision was made according to the size of the stone or failure of the previously performed extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) treatment.
With the “site control” option agreement in place, PNL will now enter into work on three fronts; namely, an interconnect application, CEQA compliance and power marketing.
In the absence of visible skin lesions and acid fast bacilli in skin smears, PNL continues to be a diagnostic challenge.
Pediatrik bobrek tasi tedavisinde iyi secilmis olgularda ve deneyimli ellerde PNL, yetiskinlerdeki gibi yuksek tassizlik oranlari saglamaktadir.
We retrospectively collected data for patients who underwent PNL or SWL to manage lower pole calyceal stones 1 cm or larger.
Patients with PNL can have multibacillary (MB: bacilli are demonstrated in skin or nerves) or paucibacillary (PB) leprosy, but most of them are PB: bacilli are not demonstrated in the skin smear or biopsy; for this reason PNL was named pure neuritic tuberculoid leprosy.