patient-controlled analgesia

(redirected from PCA pump)

pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ges·i·a (PCA),

a method for control of pain based on use of a pump for the constant intravenous or, less frequently, epidural infusion of a dilute narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for the self-administration at predetermined intervals of a predetermined amount of the narcotic solution if the infusion fails to relieve pain.

patient-controlled analgesia (PCA)

a drug-delivery system that dispenses a preset intravascular dose of a narcotic analgesic when the patient pushes a switch on an electric cord. The device consists of a computerized pump with a chamber containing the drug. The patient administers a dose of narcotic intravenously when the need for pain relief arises. A lockout interval automatically inactivates the system if a patient tries to increase the amount of narcotic within a preset period.
enlarge picture
Patient-controlled analgesia infusion pump

patient-controlled analgesia

Pain management A method for self-administration of narcotic-analgesics via a programmable pump; PCA is used for pain of terminal CA, postsurgery, angina pectoris, L&D Agents Fentanil, meperidine, morphine, sufentanil; PCA is delivered IV, subcutaneously or epidurally. See Pain.

pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ge·si·a

(PCA) (pā'shĕnt kŏn-trōld' an'ăl-jē'zē-ă)
A method for control of pain based on use of a pump for the constant intravenous or, less frequently, epidural infusion of a diluted narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for the self-administration at predetermined intervals of the narcotic solution should the infusion fail to relieve pain.

patient-controlled analgesia

A method of pain control in which the patient cooperates. An intravenous drip is set up and the patient has a small control unit with a button which, when pressed, inserts a small dose of a drug such as morphine, into the infusion fluid. Overdosage cannot occur. A disadvantage is the need to urinate at frequent intervals.

pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ge·si·a

, patient-controlled anesthesia(PCA) (pā'shĕnt kŏn-trōld' an'ăl-jē'zē-ă, an'es-thē'zē-ă)
Method for control of pain using a pump for constant intravenous or epidural infusion of a dilute narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for self-administration at predetermined intervals.
References in periodicals archive ?
We hypothesized that the addition of a dexmedetomidine infusion to the postoperative pain management protocol would reduce the amount of morphine delivered by a PCA pump, reduce the opioid-induced adverse drug effects, and provide adequate analgesia for postthoracotomy patients.
An ALARIS[R] PCA pump (ALARIS Medical UK Ltd, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK), capable of a bolus delivery over 20 to 40 seconds was used and a bolus limit of 70 [micro]g set to prevent the administration of dangerously high boluses.
The following day, she became confused and felt unwell after self-administered doses of meperidine via a PCA pump.
In the past, she says that she has used a PCA pump to administer morphine.
Teleflex Incorporated (NYSE:TFX), a leading global provider of medical devices for critical care and surgery, has announced a four-year contract with the Asklepios Hospital Group for the ambIT PCA pump, which is distributed by Teleflex.
Iyer hosted on 18-year old Amanda Abbiehl who died after being connected to a PCA pump more than five years ago.
Will be awarded the equipment with infusion technology for the surgical area with 5 piece syringes and infusion pumps as well as a 6 piece pca pump and a device for the warming of normal and massive transfusions based on durchfluE-erwEnrmung.
The authors considered increasing pain and analgesia requirement to be an early and sensitive indicator of compartment syndrome with increasing analgesic requirements via a PCA pump as potentially the earliest warning signal of developing CS.
The company has resumed shipping the Alaris PCA pump.