Programme Budgeting and Marginal Analysis

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Programme Budgeting and Marginal Analysis

A process used by decision makers in the UK to maximise the impact of healthcare resources on the health needs of a local population and a practical way of setting priorities—e.g., care of the elderly, maternity services. PBMA involves being explicit about goals/objectives within programmes, identifying inputs and desired outcomes within the programme.

Programme budgeting assesses past resource allocation in specified programmes, with a view to tracking future resource allocation in those same programmes. Marginal analysis assesses the added benefits and added costs of a proposed investment (or the lost benefits and lower costs of a proposed dis-investment).
References in periodicals archive ?
In general, PBMA exhibited the lowest compressibility.
The results of PEMA, PPMA, and PBMA mixed monolayers are omitted for brevity.
PBMA challenges decisionmakers to answer five questions about resources, presented in Box 1.
In turn, the effective polarity of the seed polymer should increase and become more contrasted with the PBMA second-stage polymer at higher pH levels.
The morphology of PBMA latex is observed by TEM, as shown in Fig.
showed that while HMMM has limited miscibility with simple acrylate resins like PBMA, it is fully miscible with BMA copolymers with 4 mol% each of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and methacrylic acid (MAA).
Three force curves collected at approximately the same maximum applied load on the PBMA samples analyzed in this work are shown in Fig.
These indicated mixing of the PU and PBMA at the molecular level, while control samples comprised of PU/PBMA blends showed the expected two-phase behavior.
Similar observations were made for PS matrix containing ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) crosslinked PMMA beads and, PMMA and PBMA matrices containing DVB-PS beads in the crosslinking range of 2 to 10% (30).
Since the competition between the solvent and the ester carbonyl group of PBMA for forming hydrogen bonds with the dimethylsilanol groups may influence the observed miscibility behavior (2, 6), we have conducted additional experiments to confirm the miscibility window.