However, other variables like age, gender, duration of illness, smoking, FEV1, P-pulmonale, QRS axis > [90.
No significant association was noted on comparison of variables like age, gender, smoking, FEV1/ FVC and P-pulmonale in COPD patients with PH (Table 2).
In this study, the patient with P-pulmonale
change in ECG had worst prognosis.
Among 72 patients, 43 patients were smokers and 24 patients' ECGs showed P-pulmonale.
Graph-8: Bar graph showing ECG findings ECG finding Number of cases P-pulmonale 24 Right axis 41 R > 5 mm in 7 lead VI Lead II+III+aVF 12 p wave amplitude >9 mm RBBB 6 CAHD 12 Note: Table made from bar graph.
Electrocardiogram showed a huge P-pulmonale
and right ventricular hypertrophy with secondary ST-T changes, and right axis deviation (Fig.
ECG evidence of P-pulmonale in 51%, right axis deviation in 45% and RVH in 39% of patient is comparable with findng of S.
ECG showed P-pulmonale in 51%, right axis deviation in 45%, RVH in 39% and RBBB in 31%.
The manifestation of tall and peak waves in standard lead II, III and avF in association with right axis deviation of P wave, constitute a P-pulmonale
Carid and Wilcken found incidence of P-pulmonale
1] < 80% 72 100 Reversibility < 15 % 68 94A Table 10: ECG finding Number Percentage P-Pulmonale
Electrocardiograph (ECG) showed a P-Pulmonale
, T wave inversion in V1-V5 and Right Ventricular Hypertrophy (RVH).