otoconia


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.
Related to otoconia: Epley maneuver

statoconia

 [stat″o-ko´ne-ah] (pl. of statoco´nium)
minute calcareous particles in the gelatinous membrane surmounting the macula in the inner ear; called also otoconia, otoliths, and statoliths.

o·to·liths

, otolites (ō'tō-līths, ō'tō-līt-is), [TA]
Crystalline particles of calcium carbonate and a protein adhering to the gelatinous membrane of the maculae of the utricle and saccule.
[oto- + G. lithos, stone]

stat·o·liths

(stat'ŏ-liths)
Crystalline particles of calcium carbonate and a protein adhering to the gelatinous membrane of the maculae of the utricle and saccule.
Synonym(s): statoconia [TA] , otoconia.
[G. statos, standing, + lithos, stone]

otoconia

References in periodicals archive ?
Hain et al mathematically simulated episodes of canalithiasis when otoconia fell from different positions.
BPV occurs when otoconia dislodge from the utricle and lodge in the semicircular canals.
The hair cells of the otolithic organs are blanketed with a jelly-like layer studded with tiny calcium stones called otoconia.
Schuknecht proposed that BPPV occurs when otoconia irritate the ampulla of the posterior semicircular canal (the cupulolithiasis theory), but other theories exist, as well.