Orientia tsutsugamushi

Orientia tsutsugamushi

the only member of its genus, this species is the causative agent of scrub typhus, transmitted by mites; formerly called Rickettsia tsutsugamushi.

Orientia tsutsugamushi

[ôr′e·enshe′ə tso̅o̅tso̅o̅gəmo̅o̅′she]
Etymology: L, oriens, east; Jpn, tsutsuga, illness + mushi, tick
a species of organisms, formerly known as Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, that causes scrub typhus. It is widespread throughout southern and eastern Asia, northern Australia, Indonesia, and the Pacific islands and is transmitted from infected rodents to humans by mites of the family Trombiculidae.

Or·i·en·ti·a tsu·tsu·ga·mu·shi

(ōr-ē-en'shē-ă tsū-tsū-gă-mū'shē)
A bacterial species that causes tsutsugamushi disease and scrub typhus; transmitted by trombiculid mites; formerly known as Rickettsia tsutsugamushi.

Orientia tsutsugamushi

obligately intracellular bacteria that cause scrub typhus in humans and many small feral mammals, especially rodents and occasionally dogs.
References in periodicals archive ?
cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus [EBV]) or if serum testing results provided evidence of acute infection for pathogens known to be associated with encephalitis, such as Orientia tsutsugamushi, Bartonella henselae, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Humans acquire the disease when an infected chigger bites them while feeding and inoculates Orientia tsutsugamushi pathogens.
Scrub typhus, also known as bush typhus, is a disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi.
Although Hualien is one of Taiwan's least-populated counties, it has reported one of the country's highest rates of scrub typhus, which is caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi and transmitted by chiggers.
Rickettsial diseases include spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses (Mediterranean spotted fever, African tick-bite fever and the typhus group of rickettsiae), scrub typhus caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, human monocytic ehrlichiosis and human granulocytic anaplasmosis.
Orientia tsutsugamushi is the aetiological agent of scrub typhus, also known as tsutsugamushi disease.
Antibodies to Orientia tsutsugamushi, Rickettsia typhii and spotted fever group rickettsiae among febrile patients in rural areas of Malaysia.
To the Editor: Pulmonary involvement is a well-documented complication of scrub typhus caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi (1).
Scrub typhus is a vector-borne, acute febrile illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, an obligate intracellular, gram-negative bacterium.
Peripheral blood smear showed no evidence of malaria, and antibody titer against Orientia tsutsugamushi was <1:40.
Among a panel of diagnostic PCRs, the CSF sample specimen tested positive for genus-specific 17-kDa-Rickettsia quantitative PCR, but was negative for Orientia tsutsugamushi and R.
To the Editor: Scrub typhus, which is caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi, had been considered a disease of the tropical zone in China until the first outbreak in the temperate zone of Shandong Province in 1986 (1).