chlorinated hydrocarbon

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Related to Organochloride: organochlorine

hydrocarbon

 [hi″dro-kahr´bon]
an organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen only.
alicyclic hydrocarbon one that has cyclic structure and aliphatic properties.
aliphatic hydrocarbon one in which no carbon atoms are joined to form a ring.
aromatic hydrocarbon one that has cyclic structure and a closed conjugated system of double bonds.
chlorinated hydrocarbon any hydrocarbon compound with chlorine substitutions; many are toxic. They are used mainly as refrigerants, industrial solvents, dry cleaning fluids, and insecticides (such as ddt and dieldrin). Some have been used as anesthetics, such as chloroform.

chlorinated hydrocarbon

a HYDROCARBON containing chlorine, such as the insecticide DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane). These compounds persist in the environment and can accumulate in various ANIMALS and in FOOD CHAINS. Such properties have restricted the use of the compounds.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1993 local unions joined Coletivo Alternativa Verde (Green Alternative Collective) and Greenpeace, and filed a complaint in the courts, citing contamination of Vila Carioca with hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and organochlorides.
Organochlorides, which include dioxins and biphenyls, are persistent organic pollutants linked to toxic effects on humans.
While exposure to certain organochlorides proved to increase total spermatic number and total sperm motility levels, other pesticides have the adverse effects and are associated to a reduction in these levels.
The neutrophil function and infectious diseases in workers occupationally exposed to organochloride insecticides.
Organochloride insecticides had mostly been replaced by organophosphates by 1990, so these represent the smallest and largest groups, respectively.
As pyrethrins are biodegradable and have minimal impact on human health and environment, they are preferred over conventional insecticides such as organochlorides and organophosphates.
Ru, Fe, Os, Mo, Ir, Ni) are able to form different types of metal-carbon bonded complexes with organochlorides (Guilard & Kadish 1988).
Chemicals such as petroleum distillates (also known as hydrocarbon solvents), organochlorides and volatile organic carbons (VOCs) are just a few of the common building blocks in solvents, paints and oils.
This is best exemplified by the spraying of organochlorides on mud and daub structures in rural areas in Africa and the spraying of a carbamate on western type structures (brick walls and tiled roofs).
In the last years ozone has successfully been applied to the treatment of specific compounds such as dyes, phenolic compounds, pesticides and organochlorides (Wu and Masten 2002; Kamenev 2003).
The history of pollution by organochlorides on falcons and other raptors, and the revival of their populations after these pesticides were banned in Europe and North America give hope for conservation concerns.
97) Organochlorides, the chemicals that replace DDT, have more immediate and significant risks of toxicity, which are exaggerated by users' unfamiliarity with them.