In North America, cliff swallow (Hirundo pyrrhonota) nests are frequently infected with the cimicid ectoparasite Oeciacus vicarius (American swallow bug).
Oeciacus vicarius can be extremely long lived in the absence of the host and adults have been found alive in nests abandoned for three years (Loye 1985a).
Oeciacus vicarius is a haematophagous ectoparasite that specializes on the cliff swallow as its host.
Thomas Craig, from the Texas Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory at Texas A & M University--College Station for identifying Oeciacus vicarius from specimens collected at the colonies.
The natural invasion of artificial cliff swallow nests by Oeciacus vicarius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) and Ceratophyllus petrochelidoni (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae).
The life history and ecology of the cliff swallow bug, Oeciacus vicarius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae).
The cliff swallow bug Oeciacus vicarius (Cimicidae: Hemiptera), natural history and population ecology.
The American swallow bug, Oeciacus vicarius Horvath (Hemiptera, Cimicidae).