North American blastomycosis


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Related to North American blastomycosis: cutaneous blastomycosis, Gilchrist disease

blastomycosis

 [blas″to-mi-ko´sis]
1. infection with any yeastlike organism.
2. an infection usually acquired through the pulmonary route, caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis. There may be suppurating tumors in the skin (cutaneous b.) or lesions in the lungs, bones, subcutaneous tissues, liver, spleen, and kidneys (systemic b.). It runs a fulminant, sometimes fatal, course in immunocompromised patients. Called also North American blastomycosis.
North American blastomycosis blastomycosis (def. 2).
South American blastomycosis paracoccidioidomycosis.

blas·to·my·co·sis

(blas'tō-mī-kō'sis),
A chronic granulomatous and suppurative disease caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis; originates as a respiratory infection and disseminates, usually with pulmonary, osseous, or cutaneous involvement predominating. Formerly called North American blastomycosis, the disease now has been found in African countries as well as in Canada and the U. S.
Synonym(s): Gilchrist disease

North American blastomycosis

an infection caused by inhaling the fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. It may resemble bacterial pneumonia, and x-ray films of the chest may show cavities. Painless, well-demarcated verrucous or ulcerated skin lesions occur on the face and hands. Occasionally lesions of the oral mucous membrane may be mistaken for squamous cell carcinoma. The disease may progress to involve bones and the brain; many viscera are infected in fatal cases. Diagnosis is made by microscopic examination of body secretions. Treatment is ketoconazole/itraconazole or amphotericin B given intravenously, depending on the severity, or in the most severe cases a combination of amphotericin B and sulfonamides. Also called Gilchrist's disease. Compare paracoccidioidomycosis.

blas·to·my·co·sis

(blas'tō-mī-kō'sis)
A chronic granulomatous and suppurative disease caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis; originates as a respiratory infection and disseminates, usually with pulmonary, osseous, and cutaneousinvolvement predominating. Formerly called North American blastomycosis, the disease now has been found in African countries as well as in Canada and the U.S.
Synonym(s): Gilchrist disease.

blastomycosis

1. a disseminated or localized infection with Blastomyces spp.
2. infection with any yeastlike organism.

cheloidal blastomycosis
an unsightly but innocuous disease of bottlenosed dolphins and humans. Characterized by the presence of red, hard, smooth cutaneous nodules. Caused by infection with a fungus, Loboa loboi.
cutaneous blastomycosis
the skin form of North American blastomycosis.
disseminated blastomycosis
North American blastomycosis in which lesions are present in most internal parenchymatous organs.
equine blastomycosis
see epizootic lymphangitis.
European blastomycosis
keloidal blastomycosis
see cheloidal blastomycosis (above).
North American blastomycosis
infection by Blastomyces dermatitidis which causes primary granulomatous or pyogranulomatous lesions in the lungs. Secondarily, lesions may occur in the skin, eyes, bone and elsewhere. A disease of dogs, cats and humans. Food animals in the same environment are not reported to be affected. Although the disease was originally recorded in North America and is endemic in some areas of the USA, it is now known to occur in Central and South America.
South American blastomycosis

North American

named after North America.

North American blastomycosis
see North American blastomycosis.
North American cattle tick
see boophilusannulatus.
North American chigger
see eutrombiculaalfreddugesi.
North American Dräger
a mechanical ventilator, used in gaseous anesthesia in horses, which operates as a flow generator and controller. See also dräger vaporizer.
North American equine encephalomyelitis
western and eastern equine encephalomyelitis; see equine viral encephalomyelitis.
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