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a product of the action of a mixture of nitric and sulfuric acids on cotton; used to make collodion.


Consists chiefly of cellulose tetranitrate, obtained by the action of nitric and sulfuric acids on cotton; used in the preparation of collodion.
[pyro- + G. xylon, wood]


/ni·tro·cel·lu·lose/ (ni″tro-sel´ūl-ōs) pyroxylin.

nitrocellulose (nitr)

a mixture of nitrate esters of cellulose made by treating cotton with nitric and sulfuric acids. Solutions in a mixture of ether and alcohol are used as "plastic skin" under the name of collodion. Also called pyroxylin.


pyroxylin, a base which is dissolved in alcohol or ether to form collodion.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nitro-cellulose is used in making solid rocket propellants and explosives.
In 1865 Alexander Parks obtained a patent for the use of various materials, including fatty glycerides, oils, gum and tars in lubricating nitro-cellulose: and John and Isaiah Hyatt obtained a patent on the use of camphor in nitro-cellulose in 1870.
This membrane combines the advantages of nitro-cellulose with the flexibility and strength of a plastic support, showing exceptional protein binding of S&S NC with a rigid, impermeable support for easy incorporation into lateral flow immunoassay devices.
Using a smokeless powder charge to create compressed air in an underbarrel chamber, despite its name, it did not throw dynamite at the Spaniards, but a projectile loaded with a nitro-cellulose gelatin charge.
380 Mark 2z with nitro-cellulose powder replacing Cordite was approved for service.