Neurons


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Neurons

Nerve cells in the brain, brain stem, and spinal cord that connect the nervous system and the muscles.
Mentioned in: Speech Disorders
References in periodicals archive ?
Adult-born neurons therefore play an important role in both the identification of a sensory stimulus and the positive value associated with that sensory experience.
Scientists working to develop new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases have been stymied by the inability to grow human motor neurons in the lab.
By activating handfuls of neurons with light and analyzing videos of the resulting behaviors, the researchers systematically explored most of the 10,000 neurons in the larval brain of Drosophila melanogaster.
Previous work has shown that the AgRP neurons promote feeding and weight gain, while the POMC cells have been linked with appetite suppression and weight loss.
It means that each neuron receives pattern of activity of all other neurons.
In the lab, the group then tested each of these substances by applying them, one at a time, to mouse neurons in a dish.
These results suggest that DJ-1 normally protects against oxidative stress and that its inactivation may leave neurons susceptible to oxidative damage.
When a person loses approximately 50 percent of his or her dopamine-making neurons, the first symptoms of PD appear.
For example, when a girl skips rope, her mirror neurons fire in the inferior frontal gyrus of the brain.
Parkinson's is localized, causing the loss of neurons in the region of the brain called the substantia nigra.
To send messages in the brain, your brain cells or neurons release chemicals called neurotransmitters.