Neurons


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

Neurons

Nerve cells in the brain, brain stem, and spinal cord that connect the nervous system and the muscles.
Mentioned in: Speech Disorders
References in periodicals archive ?
Inactivating the neurons reduced or even eliminated a mouse's ability to enter REM sleep.
Given their critical roles in feeding behaviors, there is great interest in understanding the factors that regulate the activity of AgRP and POMC neurons," said senior study author, Dr.
During the learning the memory network consisted of 5 neurons (fig.
This region contains neurons, or nerve cells, that make dopamine--a chemical messenger that transmits the brain's instructions for movement.
New magnetic imaging research has shown that, unlike in normal children, the mirror neuron system in autistic children fails to work while they imitate and observe emotions.
Replacing lost dopamine neurons with newly grown ones from embryonic stem cells is currently the most promising direction for therapeutic research for Parkinson's.
Neurotransmitters: The chemical messengers in the brain that carry messages between neurons
Therefore, if we want to make more neurons out of stem cells, and if we want to keep those neurons alive, we know on which precise molecule to act," she explained.
All the networks consisted of an input layer, a hidden layer and an output layer with varying numbers of neurons based on the system's requirements.
These pluripotent stem cells are able to produce motor neurons that can grow robustly in the lab.
But Uchida and colleagues from Harvard and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center reported that reward prediction error is actually the product of a complex interplay between two classes of neurons - one that relies on dopamine and an inhibitory class of neuron that uses the neurotransmitter GABA.
Humans harbor 39 such genes and 21 have been identified as coordinating motor neurons in the spinal cord.