neurolinguistic programming


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Neurolinguistic Programming

 

Definition

Neurolinguistic programming (NLP) is aimed at enhancing the healing process by changing the conscious and subconscious beliefs of patients about themselves, their illnesses, and the world. These limiting beliefs are "reprogrammed" using a variety of techniques drawn from other disciplines including hypnotherapy and psychotherapy.

Purpose

Neurolinguistic programming has been used to change the limiting beliefs of patients about their prospects of recovery from a wide variety of medical conditions including Parkinson's disease, AIDS, migraines, arthritis, and cancer. Practitioners claim to be able to cure most phobias in less than one hour, and to help in making lifestyle changes regarding exercise, diet, smoking, etc. NLP has also been used to treat allergies. In other fields, claimed benefits include improved relationships, communication, motivation, and business performance.

Description

Origins

NLP was originally developed during the early 1970s by linguistics professor John Grinder and psychology and mathematics student Richard Bandler, both of the University of California at Santa Cruz.
Studying the well-known psychotherapist Virginia Satir, the hypnotherapist Milton Erickson, the anthropologist Gregory Bateson, and others whom they considered "charismatic superstars" in their fields, Grinder and Bandler identified psychological, linguistic and behavioral characteristics that they said contributed to the greatness of these individuals. On the other hand, they found that persons experiencing emotional difficulties could be similarly identified by posture, breathing pattern, choice of words, voice tone, eye movements, body language, and other characteristics.
Grinder and Bandler then focused on using these indicators to analyze and alter patterns of thought and behavior. After publishing their findings in two books in 1975, Grinder and Bandler parted company with themselves, with a number of other collaborators, and with the University of California, continuing their work on NLP outside the formal world of academia. As a result, NLP split into a number of competing schools.
Popularized by television "infomercial" personality Anthony Robbins and others, NLP was quickly adopted in management and self-improvement circles. During the 1990s, there was growing interest in NLP's healing potential.
In a health-care context, practitioners of neurolinguistic programming first seek to identify the negative attitudes and beliefs with which a client has been "programmed" since birth. This is accomplished by asking questions and observing physical responses such as changes in skin color, muscle tension, etc. Then, a wide variety of techniques is employed to "reprogram" limiting beliefs. For example, clients with chronic illness such as AIDS or cancer might be asked to displace the despair and loss of identity caused by the disease by visualizing themselves in vigorous health. Treatment by NLP practitioners is often of shorter duration than that of other alternative practitioners, but NLP self-help seminars and courses can be quite expensive.
For those who wish to try self-treatment with NLP, a wide variety of books, audio tapes, and videos are available.

Precautions

NLP is particularly popular in the self-improvement and career-development fields, and some trainers and practitioners have little experience in its use for healing. Practitioners should be specifically asked about this.
Because NLP is intended to enhance the healing process, it should not be used independently of other healing methods. In all cases of serious illness, a physician should be consulted.

Side effects

NLP is believed to be generally free of harmful side effects.

Research and general acceptance

Although some physicians and mental health practitioners employ principles of neurolinguistic programming, the field is generally considered outside of mainstream medical practice and academic thinking.

Resources

Organizations

Association for NLP. PO Box 78, Stourbridge, UK DY8 2YP.
International NLP Trainers Association, Ltd. Coombe House, Mill Road, Fareham, Hampshire, UK PO16 0TN. (044) 01489 571171.
Society of Neuro-Lingustic Programming. PO Box 424, Hopatcong, NJ 07843. (201) 770-3600.

neurolinguistic programming

a branch of cognitive-behavioral psychology employing specific techniques, which use language to access the unconscious to change a patient's internal states or external behaviors.

neurolinguistic programming

a complementary therapeutic strategy based on the premise that thought is a representation of sensory experience and that behavior can be modified to achieve a desired result by changing the patient's thought patterns and mental strategies to give the patient more choices in problem solving. It is used for behavior modification and the management of psychosomatic disorders and stress.

neurolinguistic programming

Alternative psychology
A behaviour modification technique developed in 1975 by Richard Bandler and John Grinder, which is based on a reciprocal relationship said to exist between a person’s behaviour and the external manifestations of his or her personality, including vocal tone, posture, eye movements and physiology.

neu·ro·lin·guis·tic pro·gram·ming

(nūr'ō-ling-gwis'tik prō'gram-ing)
A branch of cognitive-behavioral psychology employing specific techniques, which use language to access the unconscious to change a client's internal states or external behaviors.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bonvillain, MSW, LCSW, BCSAC founder of Identity, offers training in the use of clinical hypnotherapy and neurolinguistic programming (NLP) in the treatment of chemical dependency and related disorders (depression, PTSD, panic/anxiety, OCD, DID.
This anxiety reduction could be accomplished through a number of cognitive and behavioral techniques, such as mental and emotive imagery, relaxation therapy, systematic desensitization, thought stopping, cognitive and covert modeling, cognitive restructuring, biofeedback, meditation, and neurolinguistic programming (Gilliland & James, 1983).
Then he began expanding a sports psychology philosophy known as NLP - neurolinguistic programming - that first came to light in the 70s and is based on utilising examples of excellence to gain success.
But Stephanie explains this was more than just motherly encouragement,Mary was in fact following the principles of neurolinguistic programming (NLP).
Prompts were based on neurolinguistic programming principles of representational systems (Bandler & Grinder, 1985).
Although the world has seen exponential progress in terms of artificial intelligence, biotechnology, genetic engineering, neural networks, neurolinguistic programming, information technology management, telematics and infonomics, trade liberalisation, space exploration--but on ground the very pace and velocity of knowledge-driven growth has left a giant crevice between the information haves and the information have-nots, giving birth to a nomenclature called--the Digital Divide.
NeuroLinguistic Programming is not a new concept nor used rarely.
That's the premise behind Neurolinguistic Programming - known for short as NLP and, like many alternative therapies, created in America.
The other main set of techniques that is being used in coercion today is taken from neurolinguistic programming.
Then it's on to some serious tire-kicking: acupuncture, several schools of bodywork (Rolfing is probably the best known), chelation, fasting, homeopathy, neurolinguistic programming, reflexology - 26 alternatives in all - plus a look at what's hot in health food stores, including melatonin and DHEA.
An empirical evaluation of the neurolinguistic programming model, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 33(4), 310-318.
Neurolinguistic programming theory, for instance, identifies three basic learning patterns: visual, aural and kinesthetic or emotional (Bandlet and Grinder, 1979).