Neotyphodium


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Neotyphodium

a genus of fungal endophytes which live within cool-season grass plant tissues.

Neotyphodium coenophialum
infects Festuca arundinacea and F. elatior and produces ergot alkaloids that cause fescue toxicosis.
Neotyphodium folii
an endophyte that infects Lolium perenne and produces alkaloids that cause perennial ryegrass staggers.
References in periodicals archive ?
and the fungi (Epichloe coenophiala) formerly named Neotyphodium coenophialum [7] has attracted many attentions due to the mutual beneficial effects that enhance the plant tolerance and vitality under stress conditions.
Nomenclature realignment of Neotyphodium species with genus Epichloe.
How does the fungal endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum affect tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) rhizodeposition and soil microorganisms?
As a result, developing an effective detection procedure is of substantial importance for alkaloids produced by the fungal endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum and/or fungi of the genus Claviceps (Belesky and Bacon 2009; Cross 2003).
It's also a treasure trove of microbial germplasm in the form of endophytes, a specialized group of Neotyphodium fungi that live symbiotically within certain grasses.
Tall fescue toxicity in livestock caused by the endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum has been managed by the introduction of Lolium arundinaceum varieties with novel endophyte associations, such as MaxQ[R]).
While investigating the livestock troubles, researchers eventually realized that a fungus in the genus Neotyphodium secreted compounds that constricted blood flow in cattle extremities.
The Neotyphodium fungi exude toxins related to the hallucinogenic drug LSD.
Fungi in the Neotyphodium genus are among many microbes known as endophytes because of their in planta symbiosis.
The researchers hope to eventually map the entire genome of the fungus Neotyphodium.
If your lawn has tall fescue grass, you can be more than 90 percent certain that the fescue is infected with a toxic fungus called Neotyphodium coenophialum.
Studies of a plant called robust needlegrass are designed to take advantage of the fact that animals find the plant unpalatable if the seed is infected with a natural fungus called Neotyphodium.