nausea and vomiting of pregnancy


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nausea and vomiting of pregnancy

a common condition of early pregnancy characterized by recurrent or persistent nausea, often in the morning, that may result in vomiting, weight loss, anorexia, general weakness, and malaise. The causes of the condition are poorly understood. It usually does not begin before the sixth week after the last menstrual period and ends by the twelfth to the fourteenth week of pregnancy. Symptomatic relief is often obtained by eating small, easily digested meals frequently and by not allowing the stomach to be empty. In the past, antiemetic drugs were routinely prescribed for this complaint, but this practice is currently reserved for severe cases. Nausea and vomiting after the sixteenth week is an unusual complication of pregnancy, called persistent nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. If it is severe and intractable, hyperemesis gravidarum may ensue. Also called,
Usage notes: nontechnical,
morning sickness.
References in periodicals archive ?
The management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum--a 2013 update.
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy in an evolutionary perspective.
The leading concerns of American women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy calling Motherisk NVP Helpline.
The burden of illness of severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy in the United States.
With more than 28 years' experience managing more than 750,000 high-risk pregnancies as part of services like our Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy Program, and with a nationwide network of OB nurse specialists available 24/7, we are experts in developing solutions that improve maternal health," stated Gregg Raybuck, President, Alere Health.
This combination was widely used as an effective treatment for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) in the United States and Canada in the 1960s and 1970s, and was marketed as Bendectin.
In a recently published metaanalysis of studies on ginger's use as an antiemetic during pregnancy, the authors concluded that the herbal supplement may be safe and effective for managing the nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP).
Although dietary modifications can be effective, pharmacologic therapy for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy may be needed.
In this trial, the final sample included 256 pregnant women who met baseline criteria for severity and frequency of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.
Ulcer disease should register as a possibility in any differential diagnosis, particularly if the woman has pain, but whether it is more broadly causative of the nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is uncertain.
There is also some evidence that the nausea and vomiting of pregnancy may be related to vitamin [B.