natural history

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natural history

n.
1. The study and description of organisms and natural objects, especially their origins, evolution, and interrelationships.
2.
a. A collection of facts about the development of a natural process or entity: the natural history of tuberculosis.
b. A work or treatise containing such facts.

Natural History

Herbal medicine
A 37-volume collection of works on plants written by Pliny (the Elder) of the Greek empire, which served as a source of information for herbalists until the 17th century.

natural history (of disease)

The expected or predictable course of an untreated illness. The knowledge of the expected course of a disease is usually based on prior study of the effects of the illness on a large group of patients over time.
See: disease progression
See also: history

natural

occurs in nature, without the intervention of humans.

natural experiments
occur by chance when all variables for a population are constant except one, which is different for one large part of the population compared with the other, e.g. when half of a flock comes from one climate and the other half is a local resident in another climate.
natural focus
the ecology that is best suited to a biological system, e.g. an individual insect-borne disease; the area in which the disease naturally flourishes best; an ecological niche.
natural history
history of a process or organism as it occurs in nature, e.g. course of a disease from infection to resolution.
natural killer (NK) cell
see natural killer cell.
natural selection
selection occurring in nature, without any human intervention, direct or indirect.
natural ventilation
ventilation without the use of artificially induced energy and the machines which it drives; the forces used are wind and the exchange of heat from within the barn and the external air, controlled by ventilation devices in the walls and the ceiling.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eckhout painted alongside the better known and more prolific landscape artist Frans Postas part of a team that included cartographers and natural historians, brought to Brazil by Johan Maurits, governor general of the short-lived Dutch colony in Recife.
As a result, it is only through the slow accumulation of individual "moments of perception" that the natural historian can gain access to the history of nature (94).
As, for example, when the natural historian William Smellie in the Encyclopedia Britannica of 1804 described the metaphors of Linnaean botany as more indelicate than those of Monk Lewis and the "most obscene" romance writers of the period; or when the most reverend Richard Polwhele, in his The Unsex'd Females (1798), described Erasmus Darwin's The Loves of Plants (1789) as an audacious Jacobin tract that fostered dangerous and immodest desires in young ladies.
The present study concentrates less on the swashbuckler and more on Dampier' s activities as botanist and natural historian.
Hemingway's father was a natural historian by avocation, and his 1895 "Letter to the Oak Park Boys" details the botany, zoology, and geology of the Isle of Man, revealing the type of instruction that led to his son's understanding of the natural world.
Jolivet, an enthusiastic and eclectic French natural historian, intended to produce an academic book that would be different from current books on plant-animal interactions.
For the field biologist or natural historian, modern field guides that help us to identify birds or plants, or anything else, are considered invaluable.
Vivid color plates from early natural histories are exquisitely reproduced, reminding us that science and art are not strangers to one another in the hands of a natural historian.
Visits are by appointment only, and those who step through the doors of the stately home will be able to see watercolours painted by the humorist and natural historian Edward Lear, old masters from a collection built up by the 10th Earl of Derby and even the family's billiard table.
The lecture will include Mike's experiences on a 45-mile walk across the Durham uplands in the footsteps of renowned natural historian George Temperley.
The museum's show-piece porky mascot recently opened its own Twitter account to celebrate moving into a new display case after a make-over from curator and natural historian, Chris Yeates.

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