Naegleria

Naegleria

(nā-glē'rē-ă),
A genus of free-living soil, water, and sewage ameba (order Schizopyrenida, family Vahlkampfiidae) one species of which, Naegleria fowleri, has been implicated as the causative agent of the rapidly fatal primary amebic meningoencephalitis. Infection has been traced to swimming pools (including indoor chlorinated pools); entry is by the nasal mucosa, from which the amebae reach the meninges and brain through the cribriform plate and olfactory nerves. Other soil amebae that have been implicated, although of far less epidemiologic significance, include the genera Acanthamoeba and Hartmanella, the latter is a suspected but unproved causative agent.

Naegleria

[nā·glēr′ē·ə]
Etymology: F.P.O. Nägler, Austrian bacteriologist, 20th century
a genus of free-living protozoa, found in freshwater, soil, and sewage, that have both an ameboid and a flagellate stage in their life cycle. Certain species, especially N. fowleri, are capable of facultative parasitism, and some strains are highly pathogenic and may cause a highly fatal primary amebic meningoencephalitis. Infection is usually acquired by swimming in water contaminated with the organisms. See also primary amebic meningoencephalitis.

Nae·gle·ri·a

(nā-glē'rē-ă)
Free-living freshwater and soil ameboflagellates that cause amebic meningitis.

Naegleria

a genus of protozoa in the family Vahlkampfiidae.

Naegleria fowleri
persists in thermally heated swimming pools and causes fatal meningoencephalitis in humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
CBS News says that neti pots have even been linked to the deadly Naegleria fowleri, which is otherwise known as the "brain- eating" amoeba.
In 2017, the diseases that most affected people of Sindh were dengue, the Congo virus, naegleria, chikungunya, zika, typhoid and measles.
Naegleria fowleri causes primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM); 0-8 laboratory-confirmed cases per year are documented in the United States) (1).
Original research was structured to correlate the amoeba Naegleria fowleri with sunspot activity.
The event was aimed at disseminating the latest knowledge about diagnosis and management of complicated cases of CCHF, chikungunya, dengue, malaria, naegleria and West Nile virus among the province based physicians.
On the other hand, she said untreated or inadequately treated water, with little provision for chlorination has led to cases of naegleria while malaria, diarrhea and dysentery are increasingly noticed due to environmental degradation, she said.
Naegleria is a microscopic amoeba that can cause a very rare, but severe, infection of the brain.
In addition, the company said Impavido has received orphan drug designation in treating Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM), the brain infection caused by the water-born amoeba Naegleria fowleri and Acanthamoeba Keratitis, and is the first Rx product launched in the US.
The family of Lauren Seitz, the 18-year-old teenager from Ohio killed in 2016 by a brain-eating amoeba, Naegleria fowleri, after rafting at the National Whitewater Center, sued the water park Monday seeking $1 million in damages.
Only two cases of Naegleria were reported and both the patients succumbed.
The patient in South Carolina was confirmed on Tuesday to have been exposed to Naegleria fowleri (nuh-GLEER'-ee-uh FOW'-lur-ee), a one-celled organism that can cause primary amebic meningoencephalitis, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported.
Brain-Eating Amoebae: Biology and Pathogenesis of Naegleria fowleri