NIOSH


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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

 (NIOSH)
an organizational component of the centers for disease control and prevention, charged with ensuring safety and health for all people in the workplace through research and prevention.

NIOSH

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health, see there.
NIOSH Recommendations for Safety & Health Standards
Agent  NIOSH REL*/OSHA PEL  Health effects
Acetylene ≤2500 ppm/2500 ppm Asphyxia
Alkanes-octane 75 ppm (≤385 15 min)/500 ppm Skin, CNS
Ammonia 50 ppm/50 ppm Respiratory and ocular irritant
Benzene  0.1 ppm, TWA†† (< 1 ppm 15 min)/
   1 ppm, TWA (<5 ppm 15 min) Leukemia
Carbon tetrachloride 2 ppm ceiling/20 ppm (100 ppm 30 min) Liver cancer
Chlorine  0.5 ppm (15 min)/1 ppm (15 min) Respiratory and ocular irritant
Ethylene oxide 0.1 TWA (5 ppm 10 min)/1 ppm TWA Mutations, leukemia, mesothelioma
Formaldehyde 0.16 ppm (1 ppm 15 min)/
   1 ppm, TWA (2 ppm 15 min) Nasal cancer
Hydrogen cyanide 4.7 ppm (10 min ceiling)/10 ppm Blood, thyroid, respiratory effects
Hydrogen sulfide 10 ppm/20 ppm (50 ppm 10min) Irritation-CNS, respiratory effects
Methylene chloride As low as possible/500 ppm  Cancer
 (2000 ppm 5 min)
Nitric oxide 2 ppm/2ppm Dental erosion, nasal, lung irritation
Nitroglycerin 0.1 mg/m3 (20 min)/2 mg/m3  Circulatory effects
Phenol  5.2 ppm (15.6 15 min)/5 ppm Skin, eye, CNS, liver, kidney effects
Sulfuric acid 1 mg/m3/ 1 mg/m3 avoid skin & eye contact Pulmonary irritation
Toluene  100 ppm (200 ppm 10 min)/
   200 ppm (500 ppm 10 min) CNS depression
Xylene  100 ppm (200 ppm 10 min)/100 ppm CNS depression, lung irritation
*Relative exposure limit
Permissible exposure limit
††8 hr-time weighted average; all time values refer to 'ceiling' levels
Complete NIOSH table is available from Pubs Dissemination, Div Standards Development & Tech Transfer, NIOSH, 4676 Colombia Pkwy, 45226 ☎ 1.513.533.8287

NIOSH

(nī'osh)

NIOSH

Abbreviation for National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over the past nine months NIOSH says it has evaluated PPE "ensembles" that are currently used in West Africa and the rest of the world and has collaborated with partners in the U.
These people can be found at the federal level through OSHA and NIOSH and can even be as close as your insurance agent.
NIOSH chose the Thermo Scientific pDR-1500 instantaneous monitor for the Helmet-CAM testing.
NIOSH countered that USDA was misinterpreting the results and added that it was "quite surprised" by the agency's blog post.
Reaffirm the adoption of the NIOSH definitions for both antineoplastic agents and hazardous drugs by health care facilities and also that these facilities have a regularly updated list of drugs that are to be considered hazardous; and
Therefore, a concentration range bounded by the odor threshold and the TLV-C should demonstrate the mask's ability to shield the user from airborne chemical hazards while eliminating the potential for exposure to concentrations deemed excessive by ACGIH and NIOSH.
The National Research Council's Committee to Review the NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Health Hazard Evaluation Program reports on the impact and relevance of the NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluation Program in providing information regarding substances in the workplace with potentially toxic effects.
NIOSH is "trying to keep all health care professionals alerted to our rostering effort," so that all workers who are potentially exposed to any hazards are included in the database, Dr.
In order to carry out its goals, NIOSH established a network of agricultural centers that would respond to regional issues.
However, even though the USDA encourages applied research and development in the area of occupational safety and health, especially as it relates to production agriculture and rural populations, NIOSH now provides the leadership and funding for occupational safety and health research.
NIOSH conducted a large field study to determine if an intervention consisting of mechanical equipment to lift physically dependent residents, training on the proper use of the lifts, a safe lifting policy, and a preexisting medical management program would reduce the rate and the associated costs of the resident handling injuries for the nursing personnel in a real world setting.