Myxobacteria


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Related to Myxobacteria: streptomyces, mycobacteria, Sulfolobus

Myxobacteria

(Greek myxa-, slime) a group of Gram-negative (see GRAM'S STAIN), AEROBIC, gliding BACTERIA, within the PURPLE BACTERIA, that characteristically form fruiting bodies. The bacteria move by gliding and leave a trail of slime. Bacterial CELLS aggregate, many undergo LYSIS, the remainder become resting SPORES (myxospores) contained within a stalked fruiting body. Myxospores can subsequently germinate to produce new vegetative cells. Myxobacteria occur in the SOIL and on decaying vegetation and dung.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marine Myxobacteria as a source of antibiotics--comparison of physiology, polyketide-type genes and antibiotic production of three new isolates of Enhygromyxa salina.
Nearly all archaea, some Gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Enterococcus, Lactococcus, Lactobacillus, and Leuconostoc, and Myxobacteria (Gram-negative), also use the MVA pathway, whereas other most bacteria including cyanobacteria synthesize IPP and DMAPP using the MEP pathway.
Myxobacteria producers of novel bioactive substances.
Chitinophaga, a new genus of chitinolytic myxobacteria.