myrosinase


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thi·o·glu·co·si·dase

(thī'ō-glū-kō'si-dās),
An enzyme in mustard seed that converts thioglycosides into thiols plus sugars.

myrosinase

the enzyme in mustard that releases the toxic allyl isothiocyanate from the nontoxic glycoside that occurs in the plant.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pond,"we developed an all-broccoli product that is low in micros, yet with significant amounts of the myrosinase enzyme activity essential to obtain the greatest benefit from broccoli/'Innovation is the key to future growth and sustainability in the market, according to Sabinsa's Mr.
High Pressure (HP) has the potential to retain the intact glucosinolates in CV by providing a mild processing method for a controlled myrosinase inactivation (enzyme that degrades glucosinolates) not previously used in industry for CV.
Upon tissue disruption, the myrosinase hydrolyzes the GSLs to form a number of hydrolysis products, a dynamic evolutionary link that has led to the term 'glucosinolate-myrosinase system' [8].
Instead sulforaphane's precursor, glucoraphanin, is present along with an enzyme called myrosinase.
The reason, researchers concluded, is that a necessary enzyme called myrosinase is missing from most of the supplement forms of glucosinolates, a valuable phytochemical in cruciferous vegetables.
Myrosinase is needed to make a plant-based chemical called sulforaphane.
The extreme heat destroys the enzyme myrosinase, which is necessary to form sulforaphane, the powerful cancer-preventive compound in broccoli, she said.
Since myrosinase is not heat-stable, blanching may destroy its activity, depleting frozen broccoli of its major health-promoting component--sulforaphane, which has exhibited antimicrobial and anti-cancer properties.
Changes in glucosinolate concentrations, myrosinase activity, and production of metabolites of glucosinolates in cabbage (Brassica oleracea Var.
Myrosinase also ensures that broccoli's cancer-fighting nutrients are absorbed in the upper part of the digestive system, so we can reap their maximum health benefits.
A study by the University of Illinois found teaming the vegetable with spicy food containing the enzyme myrosinase also ensures it is absorbed in the upper part of the digestive system for maximum health benefit.