mustard

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mustard

 [mus´terd]
1. a plant of the genus Brassica.
2. the ripe seeds of Brassica alba (white mustard) and B. nigra (black mustard), whose oils have irritant, stimulant, and emetic properties.
3. resembling, or something resembling, mustard in one or more of its properties.
nitrogen mustard mechlorethamine.

mus·tard

(mŭs'tărd),
1. The dried ripe seeds of Brassica alba (white mustard) and B. nigra (black mustard) (family Cruciferae).
2. Synonym(s): mustard gas
[O.Fr. moustarde, fr. L. mustum, must]

mustard

/mus·tard/ (mus´terd)
1. a plant of the genus Brassica.
2. the ripe seeds of Brassica alba (white mustard) and B. nigra (black mustard), whose oils have irritant, stimulant, and emetic properties.
3. resembling, or something resembling, mustard in one or more of its properties.

nitrogen mustard 
2. any of a group of cytotoxic, blistering alkylating agents homologous to the vesicant war gas dichlorodiethyl sulfide (mustard gas), some of which have been used as antineoplastics and immunosuppressants.

mustard

(1) Black mustard, see there; Brassica nigra.  
(2) White mustard, see there; Sinapsis alba.

mus·tard

(mŭs'tărd)
1. A plant of the genus Brassica with pungent edible seeds.
2. A semisolid preparation of mustard seeds used as a condiment.
3. A material having the appearance or consistency of mustard (2).
[O.Fr. moustarde, fr. L. mustum, must]

mustard,

n Latin names:
Brassica nigra, Brassica alba; part used: seeds; uses: diuretic, emetic, anti-inflammatory, mustard plaster for topical treatment of congestive respiratory complaints; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, kidney disorders, ulcers, corrosive to unprotected skin, asthma. Also called
black mustard, brown mustard, California rape, charlock, Chinese mustard, Indian mustard, white mustard, or
wild mustard.

mustard

an irritant compound derived from the dried ripe seed of Brassica (Sinapis) alba, B. nigra or B. juncea. Contains toxic allyl isothiocyanate in nontoxic glycoside form, though the plant also contains myrosinase, an enzyme that converts the glycoside to the toxic form. Used as a carminative, emetic and counterirritant in poultices.

mustard gas
one of several gases used in military activities, e.g. dichlorodiethylsulfide. Causes vesication of skin, blindness due to corneal damage, and pulmonary edema if inhaled.
mustard greens
green foliage of several mustard-type plants, used in salads.
mustard oil
present in high concentrations in mustard plants and causes acute indigestion in animals.
mustard oil glucosinolates
toxic oil glucosinolates found in plants.
sulfur mustard
a synthetic compound with vesicant and other toxic properties.
tansy mustard
References in classic literature ?
After the wagon containing the berry pickers had passed, he went across the field through the tall mustard weeds and climbing a rail fence peered anxiously along the road to the town.
Tod's pie dish, and his knife and fork and mustard and salt cellar and his table-cloth that he had left folded up in the dresser--all set out for supper (or breakfast)--without doubt for that odious Tommy Brock
To this the duchess said, "Sancho, my friend, mind what you are saying; it seems you could not have seen the earth, but only the men walking on it; for if the earth looked to you like a grain of mustard seed, and each man like a hazel nut, one man alone would have covered the whole earth.
You must remember that mustard, vinegar, oil and so on vanished with the cruet and the burglar.
Bagnet developes an exact system, sitting with every dish before her, allotting to every portion of pork its own portion of pot-liquor, greens, potatoes, and even mustard, and serving it out complete.
These artists will take particles of stone or glass no larger than a mustard seed, and piece them together on a sleeve button or a shirt stud, so smoothly and with such nice adjustment of the delicate shades of color the pieces bear, as to form a pigmy rose with stem, thorn, leaves, petals complete, and all as softly and as truthfully tinted as though Nature had builded it herself.
So Bert fell on his feet again, and sat eating cold meat and good bread and mustard and drinking very good beer, and telling in the roughest outline and with the omissions and inaccuracies of statement natural to his type of mind, the simple story of his adventures.
I don't think I ever in my life, before or since, felt I wanted mustard as badly as I felt I wanted it then.
who has been specially mentioned for bravery and who very nearly got the Victoria Cross, comes here with the halo of a brilliant escape from the Germans, wounded, a young man of good family and connections, and apparently as keen as mustard to get back again in the fighting line.
the Adversary to eat of lettuce with destitution of oil, mustard, egg,
In the midst of the worst paroxysm Charlie came to leave a message from his mother, and was met by Phebe coming despondently downstairs with a mustard plaster that had brought no relief.
The application of lawyers to John Tarwater was like the application of a mustard plaster.