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In psychology, the aggregate of all the individual motives, needs, and drives operative in a person at any given moment that influence the will and cause a given behavior.
[ML. motivus, moving]


Etymology: L, movere, to move
conscious or unconscious needs, interests, rewards, or other incentives that arouse, channel, or maintain a particular behavior.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the inner urge that moves or prompts an individual to positive action(s). See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.


Vox populi The drive to perform a task. See Neuromuscular motivation, Positive motivation.


Psychological force that moves a person to act to meet a need or achieve a goal.
See also: motive
[ML. motivus, moving]


the internal state of an animal prior to a specific behavioural act.


the internal and external drives and forces that energize, direct and regulate behaviour. Motivation is often conceptualized in terms of direction (the behavioural goal) and intensity (the level of motivation from low to high). Extrinsic motivation motivation directed towards the attainment of rewards that are separable from a behaviour or activity itself. For example, an athlete who engages in sport just to win medals would be extrinsically motivated. intrinsic motivation motivation driven by the pleasure and satisfaction inherent in engaging in a behaviour or activity. For example, an athlete who engages in sport purely for fun and enjoyment would be intrinsically motivated.


Aggregate of all individual motives, needs, and drives operative in a person at any given moment that influence the will and cause a given behavior.
[ML. motivus, moving]


n the stimulus, incentive, or inducement to act or react in a certain way. Purposeful behavior is motivated behavior, which means that either physiologic or social stimuli activate or motivate a person to do something.
motivation, external,
n incentive that accrues as a result of influence from outside sources; inducement to act or change based on the expectations and examples of other people.
motivation, internal,
n incentive that accrues from within an individual; inducement to act or change based on an inherent or intrinsic desire.


see drive.

Patient discussion about motivation

Q. How do you motivate yourself to exercise? I have a problem- I can easily get myself to go to work and other strenuous things, but when I need to get myself out for some exercise, which is only for me, I don’t find the energy for that. Does anyone have any tips how to encourage myself?

A. Try to change to an exercise you enjoy. You can also exercise with a friend, and the commitment to him may give you another push. Another option is to join a regular exercise program in a gym. Good luck!

Q. How to get my motivation back? Hi, I’m 22 years old girl, and since high school I’m 132 pounds stretched over 5’2’’. About two years ago, when I started college I gained another 20 pounds, that made me understand I’m overweight, and then I started a diet – mainly thinking before I eat something. I already lost those extra pounds, an I wish to lose another 10 pounds, but I feel I lost my motivation to restrict myself. Suddenly I find myself eating way too much, which makes me down, which makes me eat again… Any advice?

A. If you feel a craving for food, you can try to go to sleep – it helps me.
Good luck!

Q. What benefits have you recieved from nutrition and fitness What step did you take to begin and stay motivated perticularly if you were depressed and/or addicted

A. Today, after working in the gym for more than a year, I feel much better, I have a anew interest that challenges me and sets goals for me every time, and also let me find new people with this common interest. Of course, I look much better now, and it really improves my feeling and general well being.

If you suffer from depression or addiction, exercise may help you, although consulting a professional, as before starting any exercise program may be necessary.

Take care,

More discussions about motivation
References in periodicals archive ?
Intrinsic motivation creates a different forum for learning.
Edward Deci and Richard Ryan state that motivation is what moves individuals to think, act, and develop.
The present project investigated the mediating effect of athletic identity on the relationship between exercise motivation to the amount of exercise and subjective well-being.
Based on Ryan and Deci's (2011) proposal that intrinsic and external motivation may prompt differential development of athletic identity, we predicted that intrinsic exercise motivation would be more likely to be associated with self-referent athletic identity and that extrinsic exercise motivation would be more likely to be associated with social-referent athletic identity.
Given the recognized importance of academic motivation in school success, it is important that schools find ways to increase student motivation (McCoach, 2002; Wang & Pomerantz, 2009).
Numerous studies have shown that children, as they go through school, lose their motivation to learn school subjects (Fredricks & Eccles, 2002; Gottfried, Fleming, & Gottfried, 2001; Hong, Peng, & Rowell, 2009; Jacobs, Lanza, Osgood, Eccles, & Wigfield, 2002; Schmakel, 2008; Walker & Greene, 2009; Wang & Pomerantz, 2009; Wigfield, Eccles, Schiefele, Roeser, & Davis-Kean, 2006).
Also shown in Table 1 the correlations showed a high positive correlation with extrinsic motivation, fun, task- orientation and the importance and usefulness of PE, whereas a motivation and boredom showed a negative correlation.
The first profile was called the "moderate motivation profile" (n = 340, 34%) and included students with moderate levels in the different variables and higher averages in ego- orientation and a motivation; highest [ZETA] scores corresponded to ego-orientation and satisfaction / fun, while the lowest [ZETA] scores were obtained by extrinsic motivation, task- orientation and intrinsic motivation.
Monetary incentives crowding out the motivation to undertake an activity may be considered a major anomaly: it predicts the reverse reaction to the one expected according to the relative price effect, on which much of economics is based.
The students completed questionnaires regarding their level of motivation to do homework, while parents answered another survey on their willingness to help.
Pro-organizational Motivation, Cooperation, and Engagement in Board Roles
To study the relationship between academic motivation variables and demographic variables, Kruskal-Wallis test, chi-square, t-test and correlation coefficient were used.