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In psychology, the aggregate of all the individual motives, needs, and drives operative in a person at any given moment that influence the will and cause a given behavior.
[ML. motivus, moving]


Etymology: L, movere, to move
conscious or unconscious needs, interests, rewards, or other incentives that arouse, channel, or maintain a particular behavior.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the inner urge that moves or prompts an individual to positive action(s). See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.


Vox populi The drive to perform a task. See Neuromuscular motivation, Positive motivation.


Psychological force that moves a person to act to meet a need or achieve a goal.
See also: motive
[ML. motivus, moving]


the internal state of an animal prior to a specific behavioural act.


the internal and external drives and forces that energize, direct and regulate behaviour. Motivation is often conceptualized in terms of direction (the behavioural goal) and intensity (the level of motivation from low to high). Extrinsic motivation motivation directed towards the attainment of rewards that are separable from a behaviour or activity itself. For example, an athlete who engages in sport just to win medals would be extrinsically motivated. intrinsic motivation motivation driven by the pleasure and satisfaction inherent in engaging in a behaviour or activity. For example, an athlete who engages in sport purely for fun and enjoyment would be intrinsically motivated.


Aggregate of all individual motives, needs, and drives operative in a person at any given moment that influence the will and cause a given behavior.
[ML. motivus, moving]


n the stimulus, incentive, or inducement to act or react in a certain way. Purposeful behavior is motivated behavior, which means that either physiologic or social stimuli activate or motivate a person to do something.
motivation, external,
n incentive that accrues as a result of influence from outside sources; inducement to act or change based on the expectations and examples of other people.
motivation, internal,
n incentive that accrues from within an individual; inducement to act or change based on an inherent or intrinsic desire.


see drive.

Patient discussion about motivation

Q. How do you motivate yourself to exercise? I have a problem- I can easily get myself to go to work and other strenuous things, but when I need to get myself out for some exercise, which is only for me, I don’t find the energy for that. Does anyone have any tips how to encourage myself?

A. Try to change to an exercise you enjoy. You can also exercise with a friend, and the commitment to him may give you another push. Another option is to join a regular exercise program in a gym. Good luck!

Q. How to get my motivation back? Hi, I’m 22 years old girl, and since high school I’m 132 pounds stretched over 5’2’’. About two years ago, when I started college I gained another 20 pounds, that made me understand I’m overweight, and then I started a diet – mainly thinking before I eat something. I already lost those extra pounds, an I wish to lose another 10 pounds, but I feel I lost my motivation to restrict myself. Suddenly I find myself eating way too much, which makes me down, which makes me eat again… Any advice?

A. If you feel a craving for food, you can try to go to sleep – it helps me.
Good luck!

Q. What benefits have you recieved from nutrition and fitness What step did you take to begin and stay motivated perticularly if you were depressed and/or addicted

A. Today, after working in the gym for more than a year, I feel much better, I have a anew interest that challenges me and sets goals for me every time, and also let me find new people with this common interest. Of course, I look much better now, and it really improves my feeling and general well being.

If you suffer from depression or addiction, exercise may help you, although consulting a professional, as before starting any exercise program may be necessary.

Take care,

More discussions about motivation
References in periodicals archive ?
Recall and understand several approaches to professional ethics, including utilitarian ethics, virtue-based ethical theory, and moral motivation theory.
A protection motivation theory of fear appeals and attitude change, The Journal of Psychology, 91(5), 93- 1 14.
Herzberg's work motivation theory argues that hygiene factors such as working condition and environment do not motivate employees, but the absence could cause dissatisfaction.
In an attempt to explain individuals' tendency to fail to engage in protective and desired behavior, Rogers (1983) and Maddux and Rogers (1983) revised the protection motivation theory by adding three more cognitive appraisals: (4) self-efficacy, which refers to an individual's belief that he or she has the ability to perform a desired behavior, (5) the response costs incurred by engaging in a desired behavior, and (6) the rewards associated with risky behavior.
22) Phillipchuck and Whittaker, "Herzberg's Motivation Theory.
Such a link is hypothesized by competence motivation theory (Harter, 1981) and certainly warrants further empirical attention, since it has been consistently demonstrated that students' self-perceptions have a significant impact on academic outcomes.
Those interested in a more in-depth treatment of motivation theory and practice should consult the following sources:
In accordance with competence motivation theory (Hailer, 1985), a primary purpose of this study was to examine whether physical self-perceptions are associated to intrinsic motivation for exercise.
This research draws upon protection motivation theory and social cognitive theory to investigate the extent to which the level of perceived threat and likelihood of threat along with online self-efficacy affect online behaviors.
Frederick Herzberg: the hygiene motivation theory (01)
Motivation theory stresses the importance of self-confidence; candidates who are more self-confident are more likely to accept challenges.
problem with motivation theory and research, however, is that it has not been formulated in a way that provides educators and students with a common language with which to develop motivation and academic resilience in the classroom.