morbid obesity


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mor·bid o·be·si·ty

obesity sufficient to prevent normal activity or physiologic function, or to cause the onset of a pathologic condition.

morbid obesity

Etymology: L, morbidus, diseased, obesitas, fatness
an excess of body fat, or weight of 100 pounds over ideal body weight, that increases the risk of developing cardiac and endocrine disturbances, including coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus, as well as some kinds of cancer.
A condition defined as a BMI of greater than 40 kg/m2. MO is common in the US and increasingly so in developed countries. The co-morbidities of morbid obesity are those of obesity, but more severe—type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease/heart disease, sleep dypnoea, osteoarthritis and a 25–33% increased risk of breast, colorectal, endometrial, kidney, oesophageal and prostate cancer and an even higher risk of gallbladder cancer
Management Managing morbid obesity requires lifestyle changes including exercise, or surgery, which offers various solutions in the form of bypasses, resections, staples, etc. Bariatric surgery may result in significant weight loss, but potential jejuno-ileal bypass complications include steatorrhoea, liver failure, cirrhosis, oxalate deposition, gallstone formation, electrolyte imbalance—decreased Ca2+, Mg2+, K+—hypovitaminosis, psychologic problems, polyarthropathy, hair loss, pancreatitis, colonic pseudoobstruction, intussusception, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, and blind loop syndrome
Note: Mutations in the leptin gene are linked to insatiable appetite, morbid obesity and clinical defects which respond to leptin therapy. However, leptin gene mutations are ‘case report rare’ and for most of those suffering from morbid obesity, the problem is not genetic

morbid obesity

Superobesity Bariatircs A condition defined as 45 kg > ideal body weight, 2 times > ideal/standard weight or, for children, a triceps skin fold > 95th percentile of all children; despite significant weight loss following jejuno-ileal bypass, the procedure is complicated by steatorrhea, hepatic failure, cirrhosis, oxalate deposition, bile stone formation, electrolyte imbalance–↓ Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, hypovitaminosis, psychologic problems, polyarthropathy, hair loss, pancreatitis, colonic pseudoobstruction, intussusception, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, blind loop syndrome. See Gastric balloon, Obesity, Pickwick syndrome.

mor·bid o·be·si·ty

(mōr'bid ō-bē'si-tē)
Being sufficiently overweight so as to prevent normal activity or physiologic function or to cause the onset of a pathologic condition; BMI ≥40.

mor·bid o·be·si·ty

(mōr'bid ō-bē'si-tē)
Obesity sufficient to prevent normal activity or physiologic function or to cause the onset of a pathologic condition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Respondents residing in counties without obesity-prevention services have larger increase (or smaller decrease) from 2004 to 2005 in the probability of obesity and morbid obesity by 0.
The database contained 1,651 employees with morbid obesity and 33,020 matched employees who did not have morbid obesity.
the largest society for bariatric surgery in the world, formed the ASBS Foundation; a non-profit (501 (c)(3)) organization dedicated to raising funds for the purpose of increasing professional and public awareness of bariatric surgery and its role in treating the devastating disease of morbid obesity.
Weight loss surgery for morbid obesity is one of the fastest-growing areas of surgery today," said Nick Valeriani, Company Group Chairman, Johnson & Johnson and Worldwide Franchise Chairman, Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.
While the standard gastric bypass is an effective procedure for the long- term control of morbid obesity, an eventual revisionary operation is necessary in 30 to 40% of cases, due predominantly to pouch enlargement.
When an officer fails to meet the standard because of morbid obesity or a physiological disorder, such as a glandular condition,(32) then a separate assessment must be made whether the officer can do the essential functions of the job with or without reasonable accommodation.
is developing a less-invasive, implantable medical device to address morbid obesity.
Faculty members include John Dixon, MBBS, PhD, Co-Director of MISS Morbid Obesity sessions and lead author of a study on gastric banding for Type 2 diabetes published in the January 23rd issue of JAMA.
The authors of the report conclude: "There is good evidence to show that bariatric surgery is more effective than non-surgical approaches in the therapy of morbid obesity.
The acquisition gives Allergan ownership of EndoArt's proprietary technology platform, including FloWatch([R]) technology, which powers the EASYBAND([R]) Remote Adjustable Gastric Band System, a next-generation, telemetrically-adjustable gastric banding device for the treatment of morbid obesity.
Washington, Mar 22 (ANI): A new study has found that undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding for morbid obesity is associated with relatively poor long-term outcomes.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for marketing the REALIZE(TM) Adjustable Gastric Band, a surgical implant for weight reduction and improvement in obesity-related health conditions, such as type-2 diabetes, in individuals suffering from morbid obesity.