Moraxella catarrhalis


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Mor·ax·el·la ca·tar·rha·'lis

a bacterial species that causes upper respiratory tract infections, particularly in immunocompromised hosts; the type species of the genus Moraxella.

Moraxella catarrhalis

a species of aerobic nonmotile bacteria found in both the normal and the diseased nasopharynx. It is a cause of otitis media and respiratory diseases. It is a significant pathogen in children and patients with underlying conditions. Formerly called Neisseria catarrhalis.

Moraxella catarrhalis

A fastidious, non-motile, gram-negative, aerobic diplococcus.

Moraxella catarrhalis

A species that is a frequent cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections, including otitis media in children and bronchitis and pneumonia in the elderly. It is resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics such as most penicillins, but can be treated with many cephalosporins, macrolides, and sulfa drugs.
See also: Moraxella
References in periodicals archive ?
Culture results were indicative of 18 isolates of Haemophilus influenza, 14 isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, and eight isolates of Moraxella catarrhalis in the samples.
Moraxella catarrhalis evades host innate immunity via targeting cartilage oligomeric matrix protein.
All three blood cultures obtained on admission showed Moraxella catarrhalis growth, which was B-lactamase-positive and susceptible to Ceftriaxone, Azithromycin, and Levofloxacin.
These figures when compared to earlier studies111 reflect a rapidly rising resistance of Moraxella catarrhalis against quinolones within the span of a decade.
Antimicrobial resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and group A P-hemolytic streptococci in 2002-2003: results of the multinational GRASP surveillance program.
Effect of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on nasopharyngeal carriage with Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis in a randomized controlled trial.
Los germenes anaerobios como la prevotella y peptostreptococcus se presentan mas comunmente en el empiema asociado a sinusitis cronica frontal, mientras que los aerobios como Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae y Moraxella catarrhalis son usualmente aislados en los casos de sinusitis frontal aguda.
AWARE ceftaroline surveillance program (2008-2010); trends in resistance patterns among Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis in the United States.
positive cultures Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus 28(62%) Streptococcus viridans 4(9%) Streptococcus pyogenes 3(7%) Peptostreptococcus spp 1 (2%) Staphylococcus epidermidis 3(7%) Gram-negative Prevotella spp 3(7%) Escherichia coli 2(4%) Klebsiella pneumoniae 4(9%) Moraxella catarrhalis 1 (2%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa 3(7%) * More than one organism was cultured in 8 cases.
The major bacterial organisms infecting the lower airways of children with PBB are Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Streptococcus pneumonia.
Not only do persons with chronic bronchitis experience viral infections, they commonly develop bacterial infections, generally from Hemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Moraxella catarrhalis.
influenzae have increased, as has the prevalence of beta-lactamase-producing Moraxella catarrhalis.