Moraxella


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Moraxella

 [mo″-rak-sel´ah]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found as parasites on the mucous membranes of mammals. There are two subgenera: M. (Moraxella), occurring as rods, and M. (Branhamella), occurring as cocci. M. (Branhamella) catarrha´lis occasionally causes respiratory disease; M. (Moraxella) lacuna´ta causes conjunctivitis and corneal infections.

Moraxella

(mōr'ak-sel'ă),
A genus of obligately aerobic nonmotile bacteria (family Neisseriaceae) containing gram-negative coccoids or short rods that usually occur in pairs. They do not produce acid from carbohydrates, are oxidase positive, penicillin susceptible, and infect the mucous membranes of humans and other mammals. The type species is Moraxella lacunata.
[V. Morax]

Moraxella

/Mo·rax·el·la/ (mo-rak-sel´ah) a genus of bacteria (family Neisseriaceae), made up of gram-negative, short, aerobic, nonpigmented organisms found as parasites and pathogens on the mucous membranes of mammals; it includes two subgenera: M. (Moraxella) and M. (Branhamella). M. (Branhamel´la) catarrha´lis is a normal inhabitant of the human nasal cavity and nasopharynx, occasionally causing otitis media or respiratory disease. M. (Moraxel´la) lacuna´ta causes conjunctivitis and corneal infections.

Moraxella

a genus of the Neisseriaceae family of gram-negative nonmotile cocci. They are found as pathogens and parasites on the mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals.

Mor·ax·el·la

(mōr'ak-sel'ă)
A genus of obligately aerobic nonmotile bacteria containing gram-negative coccoids or short rods that usually occur in pairs. They are parasitic on the mucous membranes of humans and other mammals.
[V. Morax]

Morax,

Victor, French ophthalmologist, 1866-1935.
Morax-Axenfeld conjunctivitis - conjunctivitis caused by diplobacillus.
Morax-Axenfeld diplobacillus - Synonym(s): Moraxella lacunata
Moraxella anatipestifer
Moraxella bovis
Moraxella lacunata - a species causing conjunctivitis. Synonym(s): Morax-Axenfeld diplobacillus
Moraxella liquefaciens
Moraxella lwoffi
Moraxella - a genus of obligately aerobic nonmotile bacteria (family Neisseriaceae) parasitic on the mucous membranes of humans and other mammals.
Morax keratoplasty
Morax operation

Moraxella

a genus of short, rod-shaped bacteria that occur in pairs. M. lacunata and M. phenylpyruvica are of unknown pathogenicity in animals.

Moraxella anatipestifer
see Riemerellaanatipestifer.
Moraxella bovis
causes infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on nasopharyngeal carriage with Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis in a randomized controlled trial.
The antibiotic prescribed should be effective against Hemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Moraxella catarrhalis.
Transfer of Moraxella kingii Henriksen and Bovre to the genus Kingella gen.
Sutton RGA, O'Keefe ME Bundock MA, Jeboult J, Tester MR Isolation of a new Moraxella from a corneal abscess.
This drug is the most nonsusceptible antibiotic for pneumococci, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis in Turkey and thus should be out of empirical choice in community acquired respiratory infections.
Infectious causes of acute COPD exacerbations Bacteria Viruses Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae Rhinovirus Moraxella catarrhalis Influenza Streptococcus pneumoniae Parainfluenza Pseudomonas aeruginosa Coronavirus Enterobacteriaceae Adenovirus Haemophilus parainfluenzae Respiratory syncitial virus 'Atypical bacteria' Human metapneumovirus
pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis; and skin and soft tissue infections caused by staphylococci and/or streptococci, as well as several other bacterial infections.
However, some of the genera, including Legionella, Mycobacterium, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Xanthomonas, Moraxella and Aeromonas, involve species that are opportunistic pathogens--those that usually cause disease only when the host immune system is weakened.
influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis or Streptococcus pneumoniae and community-
We further divided the first-line antibiotics into subgroups on the basis of the agent's effectiveness against the organisms most commonly associated with respiratory tract infections, namely, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis.
Specific bacterial pathogens covered by the patents include: Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis, leading causes of pediatric respiratory diseases and the subject of licensing arrangements with Aventis Pasteur and GlaxoSmithKline; and Helicobacter pylori, the leading cause of peptic ulcers and stomach cancers.
While amoxicillin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) (Septra/Bactrim), erythromycin and doxycycline are still flrstline drugs for upper and lower respiratory tract infections, it is important to save Ceftin, Vantin, Spectracef, Avelox, Levaquin and Tequin for cases involving resistant pneumococcus, Moraxella catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenzae.