monosaccharide

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monosaccharide

 [mon″o-sak´ah-rīd]
a simple sugar; a carbohydrate that cannot be broken down to simpler substances by hydrolysis. Subgroups include the aldoses and the ketoses.

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

(mon'ō-sak'ă-rīd),
A carbohydrate that cannot form any simpler sugar by simple hydrolysis, for example, pentoses, hexoses.
Synonym(s): monose

monosaccharide

/mono·sac·cha·ride/ (mon″o-sak´ah-rīd) a simple sugar, having the general formula CnH2nOn; a carbohydrate that cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis. The two main types are the aldoses and the ketoses.

monosaccharide

(mŏn′ə-săk′ə-rīd′, -rĭd)
n.
Any of several carbohydrates, such as tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Also called simple sugar.

monosaccharide

[-sak′ərīd]
Etymology: Gk, monos + sakcharon, sugar
a simple carbohydrate consisting of a single basic sugar unit with the general formula Cn(H2O)n, with n ranging from 3 to 8.

monosaccharide

Simple sugar A monomer of a more complex carbohydrate Examples Glucose, fructose, galactose. Cf Disaccharide, Polysaccharide.

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

(mon'ō-sak'ă-rīd)
A carbohydrate that cannot form any simpler sugar by simple hydrolysis; e.g., pentoses, hexoses.

monosaccharide

The simplest form of sugar. Monosaccharides are classified by the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. They may thus be trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc. The commonest monosaccharide in the body is GLUCOSE, which is a hexose, with six carbons.
Monosaccharideclick for a larger image
Fig. 224 Monosaccharide . Molecular structures of (a) glucose, (b) fructose.

monosaccharide

a carbohydrate MONOMER, a simple sugar with the formula (CH2O)n, e.g. C6H12 O6 glucose and fructose. See Fig. 224 . Such carbohydrates are generally white, crystalline solids, with a sweet taste, and are usually soluble in water. The carbon chain forming the backbone of such sugars can be of varying lengths. Some monosaccharides contain only three carbons (‘triose’ types such as glyceraldehyde) others contain five carbons (‘pentose’ types such as the deoxyribose sugar of DNA), but those with six carbons (‘hexose’ types such as glucose) are the most important since they can be joined together by CONDENSATION REACTIONS (loss of water) to form DISACCHARIDES and POLYSACCHARIDES.

monosaccharide

simple sugar, e.g. glucose

monosaccharide

a simple sugar; a carbohydrate that cannot be broken down to simpler substances by hydrolysis, e.g. glucose, fructose and galactose.

monosaccharide absorption tests
see oral glucose tolerance test; d-xylose absorption test.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of xylanase supplementation on the concentrations of free sugars and some oligosaccharides (mg/g as received) in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract of broilers fed wheat-based diet Monosaccharide concentrations Ribose Arabinose Xylose Mannose Crop Control 0.
The quantitative composition of monosaccharides present in exopolysaccharide (EPS) is distinct from those found in CPS (34).
LGG may also compete with VRE for monosaccharides, thus restricting the food available to VRE and slowing VRE growth.
Theoretically, the 9 common monosaccharides found in humans could be assembled into more than 15 million possible tetrasaccharides, all of which would be considered relatively simple glycans (6).
Breakdown of the cell wall and stored sugars, proteins, and lipids may result in monosaccharides and other low molecular weight compounds that might contribute to VOC's.
Soil carbohydrates and especially monosaccharides play an important role in soil quality.
Standard crosslinking agents (formol, glyoxal and glutaraldehyde) or specially designed crosslinking agents (bifunctional monosaccharides with different carbon-chain lengths, such as N.
Included are sugars such as glucose and other monosaccharides, sucrose and other disaccharides and other slightly more complex sugars, trisaccharides and oligosaccharides.
Although sugar is reasonably stable in neutral pH systems and at moderate temperatures, at low pH or in the presence of certain enzymes the monosaccharides glucose and fructose can be produced.
With it, NCAUR scientists found they could convert some 50 to 60 percent of the pretreated fiber's components - cellulose, hemicellulose, and starch - into fermentable sugars called monosaccharides, while converting an additional 20 to 30 percent of the fiber into short sugar polymers.
Enzymes Catalysing C-C Bond Formation for the Synthesis of Monosaccharides Analogues
Thirty Australian patients (mean age, 41 years) with irritable bowel syndrome were randomly assigned to consume a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs; less than 0.