monoglyceride

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mon·o·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol

(mon'ō-ās'il-glis'ĕr-ol),
Glycerol with an acyl moiety esterified to position 1 (that is, 1-monoacylglycerol) or position 2 (that is, 2-monoacylglycerol); an intermediate in the degradation and synthesis of lipids; 2-monoacylglycerols are a major end product of triacylglycerol degradation.
Synonym(s): monoglyceride

monoglyceride

a compound consisting of one molecule of fatty acid esterified to glycerol.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kuhrt, NH, Welch, EA, "Method of Obtaining Concentrated Monoglycerides.
Hence, we developed an ID-GC-MS RMP based on a multilevel linear calibration procedure to measure total glycerides (the sum of monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, and free glycerol) in Tris-HCl-diluted serum as glycerol triacetate derivative.
While labels tout the naturalness of the added flavorings, CSPI said many of the ingredients are artificial by anyone's definition, including the partially hydrogenated cottonseed oil and the acetylated monoglycerides.
As just one example of elements in a complex mix, a 2009 fire in a mixed-evergreen forest in central Portugal generated emissions that included degradation products from biopolymers (such as levoglucosan from cellulose and methoxy-phenols from lignin), n-alkanes, n-alkenes, n-alkanoic acids, n-alkanols, monosaccharide derivatives from cellulose, steroid and terpenoid biomarkers, polycyclic aromatic hydro-carbons (with retene being the most abundant), and even-carbon-number homologs of monoglycerides (which the authors say were identified for the first time as biomarkers in biomass burning aerosols) (18).
It does so partially by the action of an enzyme produced in the pancreas that converts triglycerides in ingested dietary fats to monoglycerides and free fatty acids.
Once fats have been digested into monoglycerides and fatty acids, they are absorbed into the epithelial cells that line the small intestine.
The 1,3 diglycerides into two (1 or 3) monoglycerides by the 1,3 lipases in the small intestine, but no resynthesis of TAG from occurs as the glycerol backbone lacks the critical third fatty acid chain, which acts as the substrate for the lipases.
INGREDIENTS: Unbleached Enriched Wheat Flour [Flour, Malted Barley Flour, Reduced Iron, Niacin, Thiamin Mononitrate (vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Folic Acid], Water, Whole Wheat Flour, Modified Food Starch, Farina, Wheat Gluten, Polydextrose, Honey, Yeast, Sugar, Salt, Preservatives (Calcium Propionate, Sorbic Acid), Soybean Oil, Malt, Monoglycerides, Natural & Artificial Flavor, Xanthan Gum, Acesulfame Potassium, Sucralose, Whey, Soy Flour, Nonfat Milk.
The first step in preparing COMG/MA was to generate monoglycerides from the reaction of triglycerides with glycerol (1), (5), (6).
Monoglycerides of fatty acids have been widely used as dough additives to retard staling in the finished loaf.