ethylene glycol

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Related to Monoethylene glycol: Diethylene glycol, polyethylene glycol

ethylene

 [eth´ĭ-lēn]
a colorless, highly flammable gas with a slightly sweet taste and odor, used as an inhalation anesthetic to induce general anesthesia.
ethylene glycol a solvent with a sweet, acrid taste, used as an antifreeze. Acute poisoning by ingestion can result in central nervous system depression, vomiting, hypotension, coma, convulsions, renal damage, and death. While damage is thought to be due to the formed oxalic acid, ethanol is a good treatment because it competitively inhibits alcohol dehydrogenase. The unaltered ethylene glycol is then excreted in the urine.
ethylene oxide a gaseous, flammable alkylating agent with a broad spectrum of activity, capable of killing both spores and viruses; it must be mixed with CO2 or fluorocarbons because it is explosive above 3 per cent. It is used in hospitals, surgery, dentistry, and the pharmaceutical and other industries for disinfecting and sterilizing instruments and equipment that would be destroyed by heat or would be adversely affected by immersion in water or other media. Its optimal germicidal effect occurs after a 3-hour exposure at 30°C.ƒ

Ethylene oxide is toxic because it alkylates tissue constituents; it is carcinogenic and may produce adverse reproductive effects. Inhalation may cause nausea, vomiting, and neurological disorders, and severe exposure may be fatal. Before items exposed to ethylene oxide can be used they must be aired for 5 days at room temperature or for 8 hours at 120° C to remove any trace of the gas. This is also true for articles of clothing, such as gloves and shoes, that have been exposed, because chemical burns can occur when the contaminated clothing comes in contact with the skin.

gly·col

(glī'kol),
1. A compound containing two alcohol groups.
2. Ethylene glycol.

ethylene glycol

Toxicology A chemical used as an antifreeze, which is highly toxic–50-100 ml and may be fatal ethanol surrogate occasionally used as an inebrient by alcoholics EG intoxication stages
1. CNS Sx, occurring within first 24 hrs.
2. Cardiovascular Sx, up to 72 hrs in duration.
3. Respiratory arrest and renal failure with anuria Lab Anion-gap metabolic acidosis, ↑ serum osmolality, osmolar gap, hypocalcemia Diagnosis GLC, fluorometry, colorimetry Treatment Gastric lavage, emesis, charcoal and catharsis, calcium gluconate for hypocalcemia.

ethylene glycol

A compound used mainly as an antifreeze additive. If ingested it may cause severe nervous system depression that may be fatal. Metabolism may lead to severe acidosis.

ethylene

a colorless, highly flammable gas with a slightly sweet taste and odor, used as an inhalation anesthetic to induce general anesthesia.

ethylene dibromide (EDB)
grain fumigant. Treated seed seriously reduces egg production when fed to hens in very small amounts.
ethylene dichloride
industrial fumigant; causes respiratory and ophthalmic irritation, narcosis, disturbance of equilibrium.
ethylene glycol
antifreeze; palatable enough for animals to drink in quantity. Causes ataxia, depression, coma, polydipsia, vomiting and convulsions due to formation of oxalate crystals in brain blood vessels and renal tubules.
ethylene oxide
a fumigant used for foodstuffs, surgical equipment and as an agricultural fungicide. It is a gaseous, flammable alkylating agent with a broad spectrum of activity, being sporicidal and viricidal. It is used (mixed with CO2 or fluorocarbons because it is explosive above 3%) for disinfecting and sterilizing equipment and instruments that are used in the hospital, surgery, dentistry, and the pharmaceutical and other industries, and that are thermolabile or will be adversely affected by immersion in water or other media. Its optimal germicidal effect occurs after a 3-hour exposure at 86°F (30°C). Its vapor is irritating to eyes and respiratory mucosa and can cause serious pulmonary edema. Called also oxirane.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to the analytical part, the report provides a range of tables and figures which all together give a true insight into the national, regional and global markets for monoethylene glycol.
Contract Awarded for Engineering and procurement contract for 700,000 tonnes per annum (tpa) monoethylene glycol plant (MEG) in Lake Charles Louisiana, US.
The Korean-made slug catchers remove and store hydrocarbon liquid and monoethylene glycol slugs which the 'wet'' gas pipeline, operating at high pressure, will occasionally bring ashore.
It was not immediately known whether the Saudi officials and Babacan will discuss the anti-dumping case in which Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC) has been accused of dumping monoethylene glycol by the Turkish.
MEGlobal's products are monoethylene glycol (MEG) and diethylene glycol (DEG) collectively known as ethylene glycol.
2-Ethylhexanol: 2011 World Market Outlook and Forecast" is included into the catalogue "Alcohols, Acids & Esters", which also includes Acetic Acid, Acrylic Acid, Ethanol, Isopropanol, Monoethylene Glycol, Propylene Glycol, Propylene Oxide markets.
This plastic is made by reacting purified terepthalic acid (PTA) with monoethylene glycol (MEG).
The facilities are connected with the 73-km offshore gas pipeline, condensate pipe and monoethylene glycol pipe to supply hydrocarbon resource to the gas processing plant.
Natural gas pipes and monoethylene glycol pipes will be built under the plans and the processing plant will be modified, including the addition of a 60m-high vent stack.
The report is accomplished by a list of major Monoethylene Glycol suppliers and it profiles leading producers.
According to the report, the global monoethylene glycol (MEG) market stood at US$ 27.
Tenders are invited for Supply of monoethylene glycol.