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(mol″ĭ′kūt-ēz) [L. mollis, soft + cutis, skin]
A class of very small bacteria, some of which have cell walls and others of which have no cell walls but are surrounded instead by a cell membrane. It includes several genera that cause human diseases, including Erysipelothrix (a gram-positive rod shaped bacterium that has a cell wall), Mycoplasma, and Ureaplasma.


members of the order Mycoplasmatales, class Mollicutes. Genera of veterinary importance are Acholeplasma, Mycoplasma, and Ureaplasma.

haemophilic mollicutes
include organisms previously included in the genera Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon; usually cause haemolytic anemia in a wide range of animal species.
nonhaemotrophic mollicutes
include members of the genus Ureaplasma and some members of the genus Mycoplasma not associated with red blood cells. Most have a high degree of host specificity and infect a wide range of animal species causing subclinical to severe infections of the respiratory and urogenital tracts, arthritis, septicemia and mastitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
It detects the broad panel of Mollicute species too, including over 150 species due to universal primer design (e.
Studies about the natural infectivity of this leafhopper and transmission of phytoplasma to maize could be important to verify the variability of this mollicute and the potential of this leafhopper species as a disease vector in maize.
The causal agent of Citrus Stubborn Disease (CSD) is Spiroplasma citri, a phloem-limited mollicute that infects most citrus species as well as a wide range of non-rutaceous plant species.
Development of a PCR-based assays for the detection of two human mollicute species, Mycoplasma penetrans and M.
Melbourne, Australia) and Citti (host-pathogen interactions, National Veterinary School of Toulouse, France) offer this collection of papers on the microbiology and pathogenesis of Mollicutes, a class of simple bacteria interesting for their small genome and lack of a cell wall.
Insusceptibility of members of the class Mollicutes to rifampin: studies of the Spiroplasma citri RNA polymerase [beta]-subunit gene.
Two phylotypes were related to the class Mollicutes (2%) and to Verrucomicrobia.
In addition, Asarum-associated soils supported a number of bacterial classes absent in soils collected under Euonymus, including [alpha]-, [delta]-, and [gamma]-Proteobacteria, and Mollicutes.
Mycoplasmas are of the class Mollicutes and are the smallest of the bacterial forms.
of California, Riverside) present 15 contributions covering such topics as mollicutes associated with arthropods and plants, the evolutionary origin and maintenance of the mutualistic symbiosis between termites and fungi, paternal sex ratio chromosomes in parasitoid wasps, and insect pest control using Wolbachia and/or radiation, among others.