An analysis of DNA from a roughly 36,000-year-old modern human
fossil found in Russia dates human-Neandertal interbreeding to about 54,000 years ago, researchers report November 6 in Science.
Second is the prediction that Neanderthal and modern human
diets would have been identical in overlapping ranges (as discussed on p.
Ancient humans lived in a "Lord of the Rings-type world" where a mystery species interbred with Neanderthals, Denisovans and the forerunners of modern humans
, according to palaeontologists.
beings, Homo sapiens, were spared from the destructive volcanoes because, 40,000 ago, they lived in Africa and in parts of Asia that the eruptions did not affect.
Tools and plant remains from a cave in Mozambique suggest ancestors of modern humans
were grinding and processing wild grass grains at the start of the last ice age.
There is added evidence that chance, rather than natural selection, best explains why the skulls of modern humans
and ancient Neanderthals evolved differently.
A 40,000-year-old skeleton found in China has raised questions about the "out of Africa" hypothesis on how early modern humans
populated the planet.
The oldest fossils of modern humans
, estimated to be 160,000 years old, have been discovered in Ethiopia, the British science magazine Nature reported Thursday.
Chatelperronian finds in France, thought by some experts to represent a final phase of Neandertal culture and by others to be modern human
creations (SN: 5/13/06, p.
However, because the populations within each continent were not freely mixing, the DNA of the modern human
population in Africa that were ancestrally closer to Europe would have retained more of the ancestral DNA (specifically, genetic variants) that is also shared with Neanderthals.
Essays in this title are culled from a 2005 conference at Cambridge, and examine the current issues in modern human
behavioral, cognitive, biological, and demographic origins.
Connell and Hovers deal explicitly with the nature of Neanderthal-anatomically modern human
(AMH) interactions; Connell draws upon ethnographic and recent historical examples of displacement by human groups to raise the intriguing question of the social costs of changing behaviour in response to an incoming group.