model organism

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model organism

A generic term for an organism used in research.

model organism

a laboratory organism that has many advantages for experimental research. Examples include Arabidopsis thaliana (mustard plant), Caenorhabditis elegans (NEMATODE worm), Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (unicellular alga), Dictyostelium discoideum (SLIME MOULD), Drosophila melanogaster (FRUIT FLY), ESCHERICHIA COLI (BACTERIUM),Mus musculus (Mouse), XENOPUS LAEVIS (African clawed frog) and YEAST (SACCHAROMYCES cerevisiae, and other species). See also HUMAN GENOME PROJECT.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also making the trip as model organisms will be fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster).
Contract notice: Supply and installation of new equipment for the centre of model organisms and training of their staff
It contains a federally endangered putative alloployploid of unknown parental origin, and it can serve as a rich resource for the in situ and in silico validation of the valuable findings generated by study of traditional model organisms.
The book is divided into five sections: Section I covers proteomics and the transcriptome; section II deals with the various networks in living things such as the interactome, gene regulatory networks, networks of genes, and the value of graph theory in analyzing cells; section III emphasizes the flows of information through a cell and the use of mathematical models of intracellular processes; section IV discusses the creation and validation of quantitative models of stem cell differentiation as well as the systems biology of several model organisms such as yeast, C.
These approaches bypass the need for the difficult and time-consuming task of mapping causative mutations by genetic crosses as used in model organisms.
For researchers working with anaerobic protozoa and related organisms, and eukaryotic model organisms, Clark (infectious and tropical diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK) et al.
The principal way of doing that is with model organisms, namely mice.
The software comes with the ResNet Mammalian Database with access to other databases, including ResNet Plant, and enables pathway analysis for most model organisms.
Another creature recently joined the ranks of model organisms whose entire genetic blueprints, or genomes, have been sequenced and annotated: the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum).
With the sequencing of the human genome, as well as the genomes of many model organisms, and the technological tools that are now becoming available, investigators can integrate knowledge gained through these advances into epidemiologic studies and bring fundamental biological approaches to the bedside.
Mishler predicts that Physcomitrella could therefore be a model organisms for a range of questions, including his favorite: How did some mosses evolve extreme adaptations, such as a tolerance for desiccation?
PreBIND, one of many bioinformatics tools developed at Blueprint, can be used to find information about interactions involving proteins of interest from major model organisms, prior to their curation into the BIND database.

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