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Allium sativum (family Liliaceae), its bulb contains up to 0.9% of volatile irritating oil with antiseptic action; has been used as a diaphoretic, diuretic, and expectorant.
Synonym(s): garlic


/gar·lic/ (gahr´lik) the flowering plant Allium sativum, or its bulbous stem base, which contains the antibacterial allicin; preparations of the bulbs are used for hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and arteriosclerosis; also used in folk medicine.


an herbal product taken from a perennial bulb grown throughout the world.
uses It is used for vascular disease, elevated LDL, elevated triglycerides, low HDL, high blood pressure, poor circulation, risk of cancer, inflammatory disorders, childhood ear infection, and yeast infection. The allicin of fresh garlic may cause a small decrease in LDL cholesterol and slight decrease in blood pressure and may have some antibacterial properties, but garlic is not nearly as effective as prescribed drugs for these purposes. Its influence on cancer risk and efficacy for other uses has not been adequately documented. Allicin is very labile, and there is concern that many commercial products contain less than the advertised amount of allicin.
contraindications In normal amounts, garlic is likely safe during pregnancy and for children. Garlic should not be used in large amounts during pregnancy, because it may be fatal to the fetus or stimulate labor. Large amounts also should not be given to children directly or via breast milk because it may cause colic in infants or be fatal to children through uncharacterized mechanisms. It is contraindicated in those with known hypersensitivity, stomach inflammation, or gastritis. People who have had or are about to have surgery should also avoid it, since clotting time may be increased.
A culinary and medicinal perennial plant that contains amino acids and volatile oils (e.g., allicin and vitamins A, B and C) and owes its aroma to the high content of selenium, which is eliminated through the lungs and skin as dimethyl selenide
Chinese medicine Chinese chive, da suan Garlic is used in traditional Chinese medicine as an antimicrobial and general tonic, and for colds, cough, diarrhoea, gastrontestinal complaints, parasites, rheumatic disease, shellfish poisoning, tuberculosis, tumours and vaginitis, as well as to increase internal secretions, and topically for athlete’s foot, fungal and parasitic infections. See Chinese herbal medicine
Herbal medicine In Western herbal medicine, garlic is used internally for atherosclerosis, colds, coughs, flu, gastrointestinal complaints, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, liver and gallbladder disease and as an anthelmintic; as with Chinese herbal medicine, it is used topically for athlete’s foot, fungal and parasitic infections and as a rubefacient. See Herbal medicine


A herbal product promoted for treatment of vascular disease, dyslipidemias, and hypertension.


n Latin name:
Allium sativum; part used: roots (bulbs); uses: anti-lipidemic, antimicrobial, antiasthmatic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antiplatelet, antidiabetic, and potential anticancer; precautions: patients with hyperthyroidism, gastritis; those taking anticoagulants, insulin, antidiabetics, or acidophilus. Also called
ail, allium, camphor of the poor, da-suan, knoblaunch, la-suan, nectar of the gods, poor-man's treacle, rustic treacle, or
stinking rose.
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Patient discussion about garlic

Q. Is garlic helpful in heart ailments? I have heard that garlic is very good for cardiac health and using in curries or cooked with foods will be helpful. I have also heard that it has anti-inflammatory substances and also helps in weight loss. Is garlic helpful in heart ailments?

A. It acts as antioxidant and reduces the amount of free radicals in your body. It’s helpful once taken raw. But the raw garlic can cause bad breadth and blistering of skin and diarrhea. So, there should be a reduced intake of raw garlic. It’s better to have garlic in a cooked up form like in curries or with vegetables. This will also give the desired benefits of garlic and the side effect of over consumption of garlic will also be reduced.

More discussions about garlic
References in periodicals archive ?
Healthy Chopped Veggie Vinaigrette: 6 Tablespoons red wine or balsamic vinegar, 3 Tablespoons olive oil, 1 Tablespoon minced garlic, 4 Tablespoons chopped Roma tomatoes, 2 Tablespoons chopped bell pepper, 2 Tablespoons chopped celery, 2 Tablespoons chopped onion, 2 teaspoons minced fresh oregano, 1 teaspoon minced fresh basil
I'll do the chard stems in a dab of oil with minced garlic and then ladle in some bean juice.
Rosemary Aioli: In small bowl, mix together 1/4 cup mayonnaise, 1/4 cup Dijon mustard, 3 cloves finely minced garlic, 1 teaspoon minced fresh rosemary, 1/4 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground pepper.
In a medium skillet saute the chopped onion and minced garlic.
INGREDIENTS: 4 salmon steaks, 4 tbspn vegetable oil, 100ml plain yogurt, 140g Patak's tandoori paste, 1 tspn minced garlic, fresh chopped mint leaf, mixed salad, Patak's mint and cucumber raita, 1 lemon.
Mix olive oil minced garlic, lemon juice, and rosemary iF1
no-salt-added whole-kernel corn, drained 1/2 cup chopped green bell pepper 1/4 cup chopped red onion 2 tablespoons lime juice 1/2 teaspoon bottled minced garlic 1/8 teaspoon ground red pepper 2 tablespoons chopped fresh cilantro or parsley 2 tablespoons fat-free, cholesterol-free mayonnaise Fresh ground black pepper 1/8 cup chopped walnuts, dry-roasted
Season with minced garlic, a bay leaf, and 1/2 teaspoon dried thyme.
Add 1/3 cup wine, minced onion, sage, and minced garlic to skillet.
Let cook for a few minutes and then add 3 large gloves minced garlic and 1 teaspoon finely chopped rosemary.
Garlic & parmesan Add 2 finely shredded or minced garlic cloves to the melted butter.
3 Put the potato into a bowl and beat in the oil, lemon juice and minced garlic a bit at a time with a wooden spoon until it's all incorporated 4 Mash the avocado to a paste in a small bowl with a fork and stir into the potato mix.