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Allium sativum (family Liliaceae), its bulb contains up to 0.9% of volatile irritating oil with antiseptic action; has been used as a diaphoretic, diuretic, and expectorant.
Synonym(s): garlic


/gar·lic/ (gahr´lik) the flowering plant Allium sativum, or its bulbous stem base, which contains the antibacterial allicin; preparations of the bulbs are used for hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and arteriosclerosis; also used in folk medicine.


an herbal product taken from a perennial bulb grown throughout the world.
uses It is used for vascular disease, elevated LDL, elevated triglycerides, low HDL, high blood pressure, poor circulation, risk of cancer, inflammatory disorders, childhood ear infection, and yeast infection. The allicin of fresh garlic may cause a small decrease in LDL cholesterol and slight decrease in blood pressure and may have some antibacterial properties, but garlic is not nearly as effective as prescribed drugs for these purposes. Its influence on cancer risk and efficacy for other uses has not been adequately documented. Allicin is very labile, and there is concern that many commercial products contain less than the advertised amount of allicin.
contraindications In normal amounts, garlic is likely safe during pregnancy and for children. Garlic should not be used in large amounts during pregnancy, because it may be fatal to the fetus or stimulate labor. Large amounts also should not be given to children directly or via breast milk because it may cause colic in infants or be fatal to children through uncharacterized mechanisms. It is contraindicated in those with known hypersensitivity, stomach inflammation, or gastritis. People who have had or are about to have surgery should also avoid it, since clotting time may be increased.
A culinary and medicinal perennial plant that contains amino acids and volatile oils (e.g., allicin and vitamins A, B and C) and owes its aroma to the high content of selenium, which is eliminated through the lungs and skin as dimethyl selenide
Chinese medicine Chinese chive, da suan Garlic is used in traditional Chinese medicine as an antimicrobial and general tonic, and for colds, cough, diarrhoea, gastrontestinal complaints, parasites, rheumatic disease, shellfish poisoning, tuberculosis, tumours and vaginitis, as well as to increase internal secretions, and topically for athlete’s foot, fungal and parasitic infections. See Chinese herbal medicine
Herbal medicine In Western herbal medicine, garlic is used internally for atherosclerosis, colds, coughs, flu, gastrointestinal complaints, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, liver and gallbladder disease and as an anthelmintic; as with Chinese herbal medicine, it is used topically for athlete’s foot, fungal and parasitic infections and as a rubefacient. See Herbal medicine


A herbal product promoted for treatment of vascular disease, dyslipidemias, and hypertension.


n Latin name:
Allium sativum; part used: roots (bulbs); uses: anti-lipidemic, antimicrobial, antiasthmatic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antiplatelet, antidiabetic, and potential anticancer; precautions: patients with hyperthyroidism, gastritis; those taking anticoagulants, insulin, antidiabetics, or acidophilus. Also called
ail, allium, camphor of the poor, da-suan, knoblaunch, la-suan, nectar of the gods, poor-man's treacle, rustic treacle, or
stinking rose.
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Patient discussion about garlic

Q. Is garlic helpful in heart ailments? I have heard that garlic is very good for cardiac health and using in curries or cooked with foods will be helpful. I have also heard that it has anti-inflammatory substances and also helps in weight loss. Is garlic helpful in heart ailments?

A. It acts as antioxidant and reduces the amount of free radicals in your body. It’s helpful once taken raw. But the raw garlic can cause bad breadth and blistering of skin and diarrhea. So, there should be a reduced intake of raw garlic. It’s better to have garlic in a cooked up form like in curries or with vegetables. This will also give the desired benefits of garlic and the side effect of over consumption of garlic will also be reduced.

More discussions about garlic
References in periodicals archive ?
Place it into a small bowl and add half a teaspoon of the minced garlic.
Cooked, whole grain pasta tossed with pesto and toasted pine nuts or with olive oil and minced garlic is a quick and healthful main course.
Cut or minced garlic will have a different effect on a recipe's flavor than garlic that has been smashed or "grated" into a rough paste.
fresh portabella mushrooms 2 tablespoons lite margarine 2teaspoons minced garlic 2tablespoons balsamic vinegar teaspoon salt (if desired) /8 teaspoon ground black pepper 1 tablespoon chopped fresh basil or parsley
Garlic & parmesan Add 2 finely shredded or minced garlic cloves to the melted butter.
3 Put the potato into a bowl and beat in the oil, lemon juice and minced garlic a bit at a time with a wooden spoon until it's all incorporated 4 Mash the avocado to a paste in a small bowl with a fork and stir into the potato mix.
Serves 4 2 tbsp cooking oil 200g washed split red lentils 1 large onion sliced - tsp brown mustard seed - tsp cumin seeds ' tsp minced garlic ' tsp grated ginger 1 tsp garam masala 2 whole green chillies 1 tbsp dried coriander leaves 4 curry leaves 1 large onion sliced 100 ml tinned chopped tomatoes 600 ml vegetable stock ' tsp brown sugar 1 tsp tamarind paste Salt/pepper Method In a large saucepan add the oil and heat on a high flame.
Cooked wild rice, minced garlic, sauteed onions and mushrooms, and dry sherry
finely minced garlic 2 cups cooked (or 1 15-ounce can) red beans, drained 2 cups cooked (or 1 15-ounce can) white beans (cannellini or navy), drained 1/4 cup brown or green lentils 1/4 cup dry green split peas 4 sprigs fresh thyme 4 bay leaves 8 sage leaves and stems 1/2 tsp.
Transfer to a medium bowl, season and using a rubber spatula, fold in the diced scallops minced garlic chives, and scallions to combine.
Saute minced garlic until golden brown, then remove and set aside.