astragalus

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astragalus

 [ah-strag´ah-lus]
talus. adj., adj astrag´alar.

Astragalus

(as-trag'ă-lŭs),
A genus of plants (family Leguminosae), notably Astragalus mollissimus (locoweed) on the range lands of western North America, capable of taking selenium from the soil and poisoning sheep, cattle, and horses. Astragalus gummifer is a source of tragacanth.

as·trag·a·lus

(ă-strag'ă-lŭs),
Surgical operation involving reconstruction or reformation of any structure using healthy tissue, usually in the course of cosmetic procedures.
[G. ana, again, + plastos, formed]

astragalus

/as·trag·a·lus/ (as-trag´ah-lus) talus.astrag´alar

astragalus

(ə-străg′ə-ləs)
n. pl. astraga·li (-lī′)
1. The dried root of the East Asian herb Astragalus membranaceus of the pea family, used in herbal medicine. Also called milk vetch.
3. See talus1.

as·trag′a·lar adj.

astragalus1

an herb that is grown throughout the world, most commonly in China, Japan, and Korea.
uses This herb is used as an immune stimulant; for viral infections, HIV/AIDS, cancer, and vascular disorders; to improve circulation; and to lower blood pressure. In most instances, there is insufficient reliable information regarding its effectiveness.
contraindications Astragalus should not be used during pregnancy and lactation, in children, or during acute infections.

astragalus2

See talus.

astragalus

A herb which contains betaine, choline, essential fatty oils, glycosides, saponins and vitamin A.
 
Chinese medicine
Used for its cardiotonic and diuretic effects, and for adrenal insufficiency, anorexia, bronchitis, cancer, colds, chronic fatigue, diabetes, diarrhoea, hepatitis, hypertension, immune deficiency, organ prolapse, profuse sweating and weakness of extremities.
 
Fringe oncology
Astragalus is said to be useful in managing cancer by boosting immunity.

Western herbal medicine
In Western herbology, astragalus has been used as a digestive tonic, to enhance immunity, and for managing AIDS, cancer, chronic fatigue and the common cold

As·trag·a·lus

(ă-strag'ă-lŭs)
A genus of plants (e.g., locoweed) on the range lands of western North America, capable of taking selenium from the soil and poisoning sheep, cattle, and horses. A. gummifer is a source of tragacanth.
Synonym(s): goat thorn, huang chi, milk vetch root, yellow leader.
[L., fr. G. astragalos, ankle bone]

astragalus

The talus bone. The upper bone of the foot, on which the tibia rests.

talus

; astragalus ankle bone
  • inferior surface of body of talus articulates with superior aspect of calcaneum, forming subtalar joint

  • head of talus articulates with navicular forming TNJ itself a component of midtarsal joint

  • superior (trochlear) surface of body of talus articulates with inferior ends of tibia and fibula, forming ankle joint

astragalus (aˑ·str·gä·ls),

n Latin names:
Astragalus membranaceus, Astragalus gummifer; part used: roots; uses: cold, fatigue, bronchitis, flu, immune system stimulant, reduction of side effects of chemotherapy; precautions: none known. Also called
huang-qi or
tragacanth.

Astragalus

a genus of the legume family Fabaceae in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Many of the Astragalus spp. are poisonous with several forms of poisoning.
A number of species of the genus grow preferentially in selenium-rich soils and accumulate much more selenium than other plants, enhancing the probability of producing selenium poisoning. Included are A. bisulcatus, A. pattersonii, A. pectinatus, A. praelongus, A. preussi, A. racemosus.
Many species of the genus contain toxic aliphatic nitro compounds. Poisoning is manifested by nitrite ('nitro') poisoning or by acute respiratory distress or chronic incoordination, blindness and respiratory stertor. Includes A. arequipensis, A. atropubescens, A. bergii, A. campestris, A. canadensis, A. chamissonis, A. cryptobotrys, A. distinens, A. emoryanus var. emoryanus, A. falcatus, A. garbancillo, A. hamosus, A. hylophylus, A. miser, A. miser var. hylophylus (locoweed, timber milk vetch), A. miser var. oblongifolus, A. miser var. serotinus, A. oblongifolus, A. palenae, A. pehuenches, A. pterocarpus, A. serotinus, A. tetrapterus, A. toanus, A. vesiculosus.
Long-term ingestion of any one of a series of species of the plant causes 'loco' or locoweed poisoning, an acquired lysosomal storage disease caused by swainsonine, which is manifested by incoordination, extreme hypersensitivity and excitability. Includes A. allochrous, A. argillophilus, A. bisulcatus, A. diphysus, A. earlei, A. lentiginosus, A. lonchocarpus, A. lusitanicus (Erophaca baetica), A. missouriensis, A. mollisimus, A. nothoxys, A. nuttallianus, A. pubentissimus, A. strictus, A. tephrodes, A. thurberi, A. wootonii, A. variabilis. Chronic heart failure due to swainsonine is caused by A. lentiginosus at high altitudes.
Abortion is a common manifestation and is accompanied by a great variety of skeletal defects including arthrogryposis and hypermobility. Called also locoweed, milk vetch.

astragalus

see talus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Impacts of wildfire rehabilitation and plow-and-seed land treatments on fitness parameters of an endemic milkvetch.
Clabaugh said the Army corps was concerned with the discovery of the endangered milkvetch in the area of the proposed dam's wall.
He said the corps has yet to determine whether the project would harm the milkvetch.
If (federal engineers) think it's a feasible and realistic alternative, certainly from our standpoint it's environmentally superior because it avoids impact to the milkvetch.
The Copper Canyon milkvetch, a very local endemic on the Navajo Nation, is known only from a 4-mile (6.
The Marble Canyon sentry milkvetch was described in 1992 after being discovered by former NNHP botanist Bill Hevron.
Just days after Parks discovered half a dozen Braunton's milkvetch in the footprint of the proposed dam's wall, she scouted and found the new site Wednesday.
Parks said the alternative site could be covered in a supplemental EIR that will now have to be produced because of the discovery of the milkvetch.
City Councilwoman Linda Parks said she made the discovery on Sunday of six Braunton's milkvetch.
In June, a biologist under contract to Ventura County discovered a single Braunton's milkvetch near the planned debris basin but outside the footprint of the dam.
At issue is a federally protected plant, Braunton's milkvetch, that was to be guarded under a state-mandated environmental review of the project approved by the county supervisors in 1991 and amended in 1995.
The milkvetch, a member of the pea family, is one of the latest additions to the federal endangered species list, added in January 1997.