middle meningeal artery

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Related to Middle meningeal: jugular foramen, middle meningeal vein

mid·dle me·nin·ge·al ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, maxillary; branches, petrosal, superior tympanic, frontal and parietal; distribution, to parts mentioned and through terminal branches to anterior and middle cranial fossae; anastomoses, meningeal branches of occipital, ascending pharyngeal, ophthalmic and lacrimal, stylomastoid, accessory meningeal branch of maxillary, and deep temporal.
Synonym(s): arteria meningea media [TA]

middle meningeal artery

The third branch of the first segment of the maxillary artery. It enters the cranial cavity through the foramen ovale and runs dorsally in the dura, branching widely along the side of the skull. It divides into a frontal and a parietal branch.
See also: artery

mid·dle me·nin·ge·al ar·te·ry

(midĕl mĕ-ninjē-ăl ahrtĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, maxillary; branches, petrosal, superior tympanic, frontal and parietal; distribution, to parts mentioned and through terminal branches to anterior and middle cranial fossae; anastomoses, meningeal branches of occipital, ascending pharyngeal, ophthalmic and lacrimal, stylomastoid, accessory meningeal branch of maxillary, and deep temporal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Accessory meningeal artery arises either from the first part of maxillary artery or the middle meningeal artery.
Panoramic view of the dissection of the left infratemporal fossa showing the origin of the accessory meningeal artery (AMA) from the middle meningeal artery (MMA).
Since the infra orbital sulcus may contain an anastomosis between middle meningeal artery and infra orbital artery it would be of surgical interest to ophthalmologists, and neuro surgeons.
The proximal part of the common trunk persists as the root of the middle meningeal artery, more distally the meningeal artery is derived from proximal part of supraorbital artery.
The trauma produces bone deformation (fracture and / or sinking), promote vascular lesions (mostly middle meningeal artery and its branches and venous sinuses), with consequent accumulation of blood between the bone and the dura mater.
The main site of bleeding was the middle meningeal artery and/or its branches in most cases.
Preoperatively, successful embolization of the tumor's blood supply from branches of the fight postauricular artery, the ascending pharyngeal artery, and a posterior branch of the right middle meningeal artery was performed.
Morphometric Study of different types of Pterion and it's relation with middle meningeal artery in dry skulls of Tamil Nadu.
Elevation of the dura causes bleeding from numerous small vessels, and it exposes the larger middle meningeal artery to possible injury.
The intrapetrosal portion is supplied by the superficial petrosal branch of the middle meningeal artery and the stylomastoid branch of the posterior auricular artery portion is supplied by the stylomastoid, posterior auricular, superficial temporal, and transverse facial arteries.
During the 11th week (80 mm), the external petrosal nerve arises from the facial nerve distal to the geniculate ganglion and courses with a branch of the middle meningeal artery.