After the present review, it is unproblematic to suggest that, in fact, Furninha did not suffer any major alterations, and the Paleolithic sequence was not disturbed, with the Middle Paleolithic starting in Bone bed 3, some 80 kyr ago, and ending at the lower horizon of Bone bed 6 (here called bone horizon 8), as yet with an unknown date.
2004): "The Middle Paleolithic Occupation of Southern Portugal".
The archaeological record of the Upper Paleolithic is dense with objects designed for personal adornment; grave sites often include ornaments such as strings of bone or shell beads which are entirely lacking in Middle Paleolithic sites.
59) Others see the emergence of art as a more gradual phenomenon, perhaps extending down into the Middle Paleolithic.
century until the start of the 1960s, the study of Middle Paleolithic materials in Portugal was therefore restricted to the results of surface collections, involving low investment and a methodology that any amateur could learn in a few hours.
In spite of the scarcity of human resources, it is during this period, spanning the last 25 years, that the most significant advances have been made towards understanding the Middle Paleolithic in Portugal, although this has been inseparable from parallel research into the Upper Paleolithic, bearing in mind that the sites were either the same or were located in the same geographical area, particularly the Estremadura Limestone Massif and adjacent areas, where there is on abundance of karst caves, thus justifying combined research work.