microsatellite

(redirected from Microsatellites)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Microsatellites: microsatellite analysis

microsatellite

(mī′krō-săt′l-īt′)
n.
1. A short sequence of DNA consisting of multiple repetitions of a set of two to nine base pairs, used as a genetic marker when individuals differ in the number of repetitions.
2. A small artificial satellite, usually with a mass of less than 100 kilograms (220 pounds) when deployed in orbit.

microsatellite

A highly polymorphic segment of DNA composed of repetitive stretches of short sequences of 2–6 base pairs of DNA, which serve as genetic markers to track inheritance in families. Microsatellites include dinucleotides, trinucleotides and tetranucleotides, repeated in tandem arrays throughout a genome. The human genome has 50–100,000 microsatellite loci.

microsatellite

A section of DNA in which a unit of one to five nucleotides is repeated a variable number of times. Repeating trinucleotides that expand during meiosis are associated with Huntington's disease and fragile X syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Investigations will offer a new life science facility that will support studies on cell cultures, bacteria and other microorganisms, a microsatellite deployer and the first microsatellite that will be deployed from the space station, and experiments that will study the behavior of gases and liquids and clarify the thermo-physical properties of molten steel and evaluations of flame-resistant textiles.
Mapping and navigations are one of the applications using Nanosatellite and microsatellites significantly for precise tracking and spotting.
Polymorphic microsatellites in the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis (Cephalopoda).
Assessment of genetic diversity and population structure of Vietnamese indigenous cattle populations by microsatellites.
Contract award: supply of the platform structure with secondary structure elements and associated ground facilities for microsatellite myriade evolutions industry.
Amplification tests were conducted on 50 primer pairs, 45 potentially amplifying dinucleotide microsatellites, and 5 amplifying tetranucleotide microsatellites.
Universal linker and ligation procedures for construction of genomic DNA libraries enriched for microsatellites.
Select microsatellites are PCR amplified using fluorescently labeled primers, and fragment length polymorphisms are identified through capillary electrophoresis.
Assessments of microsatellite variation linked to Pfdhps have shown that limited microsatellite diversity flanking the SGEAA double mutants compared with the SAKAA wild types.
50) Microsatellite instability is rarely found in sporadic adenomas, so a positive finding in an adenoma is very suggestive of LS.
We tried to verify this assumption using microsatellites analysis and prove with a certain number of breeders and mating of one female with several male to obtained Hardy Weinberg equilibrium.
Microsatellites, which tend to vary greatly among individuals and have traditionally been used in forensics and paternity tests, are also used to uncover information related to a number of other genetic diseases such as Fragile-X or Huntington's disease.