meticillin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to meticillin: methicillin

meticillin

A wide-spectrum antibiotic that has been used since 1960 in cases of infections with staphylococci that produce the penicillin-destroying enzyme penicillinase. Many staphylococci have, however, evolved by genetic modification so that they can survive in an environment of meticillin (see MRSA) and these germs are now endemic in many hospitals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Predictive factors of meticillin resistance among patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections at hospital admission.
Meticillin resistance was found with a higher rate (73.
Specifying meticillin resistance especially in pediatric patients is essential for an accurate guidance of treatment in these patients.
Surveillance and evidence of contamination in hospital environment from meticillin and vancomycin-resistant microbial agents.
Abdominal drain sites are often colonised with enterococcus and coagulase negative Staphylococci which are resistant to meticillin (Michalska et al 1997).
For identifying resistance to Meticillin, the methods of Disc Agar Diffusion based on the clinical laboratory standards institute (CLSI) (2011), Mueller Hinton cultural and Cefoxitin disc (pg30) were used in the temperature of 35C and for a period of 18 hours.
They grew Meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the laboratory, and treated it with and without manuka honey for four hours.
Resistant organisms commonly seen in hospitals and associated with SSIs are Meticillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus (VRE) and resistant gram negative organisms.
13) This bacterium adheres to the surface of invasive devices such as CVCs and forms biofilms, which account for its greater resistance to antibiotics, particularly to meticillin, increasing the length of hospital stay and costing around $ 2 billion US dollars just in the United States.
There have been documented cases of respiratory infections caused by Mycobacterium chelonae and Methylobacterium mesophilicum (Kressel 2001) as well as a number of reported cases of antimicrobial-resistant Pseudomonas aeuroginosa (CDC 1991, Sorin et al 2001, Weber & Rutala 2001) and recorded transmissions of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Weber & Rutala 2001) and Meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).