developmental disability

(redirected from Mentally challenged)
Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Mentally challenged: autism

disability

 [dis″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

developmental disability

n.
A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.

developmental disability (DD)

a pathological condition that starts developing before 18 years of age. Most developmental disabilities persist throughout the individual's life, although many can be effectively treated. See also congenital anomaly.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
References in periodicals archive ?
Significantly the court took note of various provisions in the Persons with Disabilities ( Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act, 1995, and has quoted Sections 2 ( i), 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 42 and 43, and said, " All the state governments have a definite role to see that the Act is properly implemented and persons under disability which includes the mentally challenged persons are taken care of as commanded by the Act.
Unfortunately, there are no shelters for the mentally challenged adults.
Physically challenged people do not find any problem in finding jobs because the new buildings are all equipped with a ramp, and they usually find jobs in banks or in typing centres," he said, emphasising that there needed to be a law or a joint agreement between Al Thiqah Club and companies to employ mentally challenged UAE nationals.
Our outreach is now to African countries like Nigeria, where mentally challenged children were once abandoned in the garbage.
The event was held to bring Thanksgiving joy to a group of severely mentally challenged residents from the Glavin Center in Shrewsbury and Providence House in Worcester.
He is in danger of not graduating, and as a last-ditch effort to get school credit through a service project, he is given an "assignment" to work with a four-member bowling team from Chamber House, a group home for mentally challenged adults.
In the United States, the capacity of a mentally challenged person to consent to an abortion or sterilization is governed primarily by state laws and common law (Mason & Pollack, 1997).
are, purportedly, three-dimensional illustrations of a mythical future landscape with an underclass populated by, among others, severed limbs that act autonomously; mentally challenged people who can divine water sources; and a man with a five-headed penis who, because his proletarian virility makes him a target of recently deposed leaders aiming to stem the proliferation of their former subjects, is forced to dress in drag.
Several years after his mentally challenged brother suffered at the hands of a gang of hard men, soldier Richard returns to his home town to wreak revenge.
Rosie O'Donnell stars in this film as a mentally challenged woman who spends her days riding the bus.
Either have both legs amputated, thereby halving your weight instantly, or check in to an institution for the mentally challenged.
But when Jones learns his players have harassed a mentally challenged young man nicknamed Radio (Cuba Gooding Jr.