developmental disability

(redirected from Mentally challenged)
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Related to Mentally challenged: autism

disability

 [dis″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

developmental disability

n.
A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.

developmental disability (DD)

a pathological condition that starts developing before 18 years of age. Most developmental disabilities persist throughout the individual's life, although many can be effectively treated. See also congenital anomaly.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
References in periodicals archive ?
Death knell The Delhi government had in 2013 admitted before the Delhi High Court that nearly 300 deaths took place at Asha Kiran, the Capital's lone home for mentally challenged children and adults, since 2005.
Bahrain plans to move up to international levels in the treatment meted out to the mentally challenged, said the spokesperson.
When it comes to health care, government policies, and rehabilitation projects in India, the mentally challenged women are often been marginalized.
One learns soon enough that mentally challenged children make one's life transparent, a life of truth and trust.
Nearly 83 million of the world's population is estimated to be mentally challenged, with 41 million having long-term or permanent disability.
AFYL Productions & Services Executive Director Liaquat Siddiq said the media should visit these institutions and highlight the urgent need for funds, so thousands of mentally challenged children could get equal opportunities for education and growth.
He added that the money would go toward the center's newly opened wing for mentally challenged children.
On Tuesday night, Quist expanded the reach of her students to Worcester as six band members gave a volunteer performance for a group of severely mentally challenged people at a special dinner at the Salem Covenant Church.
This includes government funding for health care providers and benefit plans, on placing the elderly or mentally challenged in proper facilities, institutions and housing programs, and various financial programs created for the disabled.
The building had a strange mix of tenants, from a media entertainment company to a community organization for mentally challenged adults.
He is in danger of not graduating, and as a last-ditch effort to get school credit through a service project, he is given an "assignment" to work with a four-member bowling team from Chamber House, a group home for mentally challenged adults.