Menke Syndrome | definition of Menke Syndrome by Medical dictionary
kinky hair disease (redirected from Menke Syndrome)
kink·y-hair dis·ease , kinky hair disease [MIM*309400]
an inborn error of copper metabolism, onset within a few weeks of birth; manifested by short, sparse, poorly pigmented kinky hair; failure to thrive; development of seizures; spasticity; and progressive mental deterioration leading to death. X-linked recessive inheritance due to a defect of copper transport, caused by mutation in the Menkes gene (MNK), which encodes a copper-transporting ATPase on Xq.
kinky hair disease
Etymology: Du, kink, short twist + AS, haer + L, dis + Fr, aise, ease
An X-linked recessive [MIM309400] condition caused by defective copper metabolism with copper accumulation in certain tissues—e.g., fibroblasts, kidneys, gastrointestinal mucosa—and a relative deficiency of copper in other tissues—e.g., brain and liver—accompanied by defective copper enzymes—e.g., lysyl oxidase, tyrosinase
an inherited condition characterized by short, sparse, poorly pigmented hair with shafts that are twisted and broken. Other mental and physical disorders are usually associated with the disease.
Prognosis Death often occurs in early infancy with progressive neurologic and vascular degeneration; kinky hair also occurs in autosomal dominant trichodento-osseous syndrome and in normal people
kinky hair disease Menke syndrome, trichopoliodystrophy Metabolic disease An X-R condition due to defective copper metabolism with copper accumulation in fibroblasts, kidneys, GI mucosa, and a relative deficiency of copper in other tissues–eg, brain and liver, accompanied by defective copper enzymes–eg, lysyl oxidase, tyrosinase Clinical FTT, seizures, hypothermia, ↑ infections, kinky hair–pili torti due to defective disulfide bond formation, seborrheic dermatitis, mental and growth retardation, myoclonic seizures, scurvy-like radiologic changes of long bones Prognosis Death in early infancy with progressive neurologic and vascular degeneration. Cf Giant axonal neuropathy, Uncombable hair syndrome, Woolly hair disease.