melancholia

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melancholia

 [mel″an-ko´le-ah]
depression; currently used particularly to describe severe cases of major depressive disorder. adj., adj melanchol´ic.

mel·an·cho·li·a

(mel'ăn-kō'lē-ă),
1. A severe form of depression marked by anhedonia, insomnia, psychomotor changes, and guilt.
2. A symptom occurring in other conditions, marked by depression of spirits and by a sluggish and painful process of thought.
Synonym(s): melancholy
[melan- + G. cholē, bile. See humoral doctrine]

melancholia

/mel·an·cho·lia/ (mel″an-ko´le-ah) depression; curently used to denote severe forms of major depressive disorder.melanchol´ic

melancholia

(mĕl′ən-kō′lē-ə)
n.
Extreme, persistent sadness or hopelessness; depression. No longer in clinical use.

mel′an·cho′li·ac (-lē-ăk′) adj. & n.

melancholia

[mel′angkō′lē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, melas, black, chole, bile
a severe form of depression. Also called melancholy. See also depression, major depressive disorder. melancholic, adj.

melancholia

Medical history
In ancient usage, melancholia encompassed schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
 
Psychiatry
In modern use, melanocholia refers to an array of mental or emotional symptoms of depression or despondency, which are now subsumed under major and minor depression and dysthymia.

Psychoanalysis
Severe depression characterised by a loss of interest in life activities, early morning awakening with intensification of symptoms, variable functionality, anorexia, weight loss and inappropriate sense of guilt. 

Melancholia contrasts to prolonged mourning (melancholy); Freud viewed melancholia as an impoverishment of the ego as there is an internal loss, while in mourning the loss is external. Because of the internal loss, the melancholic ego appears empty and has a shattered self-esteem, due to reproach and attack from the superego. It is more common in women and is accompanied by helplessness and suicide attempts or ideation.

melancholia

melan, Greek, black; chole, bile Psychiatry Psychotic depression similar/identical to the depression of bipolar disease, characterized by severe depression, loss of interest in life activities, early morning awakening with intensification of Sx, marked ↑/↓ functionality, anorexia, weight loss, inappropriate sense of guilt. See Involutional melancholia. Cf Melancholy.

mel·an·cho·li·a

(mel-ăn-kō'lē-ă)
1. A severe form of depression marked by anhedonia, insomnia, psychomotor changes, and guilt.
2. A symptom occurring in other conditions, marked by depression of spirits and by a sluggish and painful process of thought.
Synonym(s): melancholy.
[melan- + G. cholē, bile]

melancholia

DEPRESSION.